ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Economy and Civic Authority in Surat

Surat is one of the fastest growing cities in the country. Its population has increased three-fold in the last two decades. The mushrooming of mainly fake small-scale industries has contributed to the unplanned growth of the city. Nouveau riche entrepreneurs, bootleggers, power brokers and other lumpens dominate the society and the administration. Water, health and sanitation, traffic and police systems are grossly inadequate and inefficient, and have failed to meet the changing needs of the city population. Absence of the state was conspicuous in the initial stages of the communal riots of 1992-93 and the current plague epidemic. Persistent anxiety, apprehension and fear haunt the common citizens, and distrust of the state boms large in their mind.

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