The Imperial Elite

cultivation, deforestation would have been much more. Nevertheless, the major reason for pressure on forests and CPRs today is not so much to raise the supply of food, as it is to provide a source of livelihood; If according to Rao himself the new technology was disappointing in terms of labour absorption, it cannot by itself have a very significant impact in preventing deforestation. This is so particularly if landless labour do not benefit much from the new technology. Moreover, the pressure of industries in seeking raw material from forests is another independent factor behind deforestation. There is thus no cause for complacency on the front of environmental degradation and the government should spare no effort in preventing it. Similarly, even if "at the present state of development", 'chemicalisation' in agriculture is no major threat compared to deforestation, the former has already shown its adverse potential, both in regard to fertilisers and pesticides. There is need for abundant caution on this front too.

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