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Multiplication of Nations-Political Economy of Sub-Nationalism in India

Political Economy of Sub-Nationalism in India Sajal Nag The nationality formation process in India has reflected itself in multiple ways: in the growth of respective vernacular literature, agitation to establish particular languages as official languages of particular areas, movements of backward nationalities to break away from an advanced nationality and earn recognition for themselves, the movement of a particular nationality group which was separated from the paren t nationality and was living amidst a different cultural group as a result of administrative unitisation, to rejoin the cultural mainstream and, lastly, the movement of groups which are still at a tribal stage of development but have struggled against the exploitation and encroachment of outsiders to have a province of their own to minimise exploitation and encroachment In a country where capitalism is slowly reaching new areas and awakening new cultural groups to life, the stream of sub-nationalistic uprisingsiseems to be unending. New demands and aspirations continue to surface, some of which are demanding complete independence, not just self-rule. The Indian nationality question cannot be studied in exclusion of these aspects because the culmination of this process can alone prove whether India has been a nation-in-the-making or a nation-in-the-un making.

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