ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Ideology and Hegemony in Jharkhand Movement

Jharkhand Movement A L Raj THE Jharkhand movement has acquired the dubious distinction of being one of the oldest movements in the country. Since the formation of Chotanagpur Unnati Samaj in 1920 to the emergence of a so-called United Jharkhand Party in 1991, for the past 70 years the tribals of Chotanagpur and Santhal Parganas have been struggling for separate statehood within the Indian union, it appears, without much success. True, the movement has seen ups and downs, has sent several legislators to both the central and state law making bodies, has become more broad based, etc, but still the Jharkhand state seems to be a distant goal. Today, the Jharkhand movement is divided into several groups and parties and has to struggle hard to maintain its distinct ideology and organisational identity Such a state of affairs within the movement has often been blamed on the character of the tribal leadership, the divide-and-rule policy of the government, the weak pan- tribal consciousness, etc While these and similar other reasons are valid, it is still necessary to explain how these situations have been brought about, what the mechanisms and processes are by which the ethnic consciousness of the tribals and the militancy of the movement have been to a large extent successfully neutralised, and finally how this movement of a subaltern group of communities is being co-opted and accommodated within the structure and ideology of the dominant classes and communities.

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