ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Higher Education Plea for Reorganisation

Nilakantha Rath In the 25 years that have elapsed since the 1966 report of the Education Commission of India many of its recommendations have been tried out but the quality of higher education has not registered any improvement. This paper examines the system of education in practice in India and suggests measures towards a reorganisation of undergraduate and post graduate education so as to ensure both responsibility and accountability TWENTY-FIVE years ago, the Education Commission of India began its report by saying "The destiny of India is now being shaped in her class-rooms". This was a time when 70 per cent of India's population was illiterate and two-thirds of the population in the working age-group of 15 to 44 were illiterate. Nearly 65 per cent of the children in the relevant age-group were formally enrolled in lower primary schools, about 25 per cent in the aieher Primary schools and about 13 per cent in the secondary schools. Higher educational institutions, namely, intermediate, diploma and degree colleges as well as universities were a little over 4,000 in number, where nearly 20 lakh students were enrolled in a year. The commission noted that the salaries of teachers not only were low at all levels, but had not registered any increase in real terms since 1950-51. The content of education at every level was considered much lower than what was desirable and there was widespread feeling that it was becoming poorer, particularly at the post- high school levels. This was the state of the 'class-room' where the commission thought the destiny of India was being shaped.

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