ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Industry and International Trade

poorer regions. Using official estimates, the authors discuss growth rates in milk production for two sub-periods, 1951-52 to 1971-72 and 1971-72 to 1987-88. The annual growth rate was 1 per cent in the first period, and 5.5 per cent in the second. However, their calculations based on feasible yield growth rates and growth rates of milch animals show that the rate was 2 per cent per year during the first period and only 3.5 per cent to 4 per cent during the second period. They argue that the difference between the two sets of estimates is due to the fact that official estimates underestimated production of milk for the first period and overestimated it for the second period. According to the authors, the official overestimation in the second' period, due mainly to the overcstimation of cow milk production by official agencies, was the result of the anxiety of the officialdom to justify the excessive emphasis given to cross-breeding for achieving a rapid breakthrough in milk production under the Operation Flood Programme. Though milk production and per capita availability has indeed increased in recent years, the data furnished by the authors indicate a falling trend in per capita milk consumption in rural areas and an increasing trend in urban areas

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