ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Politics of Land Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh Kripa Shankar WHEN zamindan was abolished roughly 90 lakh acres of land was vested in the 'gaon sabha' in UP. The Zamindari Abolition Committee of UP headed by G B Pant was opposed to any form of land redistribution despite the fact that it was aware of the huge concentration in land. The committee had noted that "a bare 1.49 per cent of the bigger landlords own nearly 57.77 per cent of the land"; that the 'sir' and 'khudhakast' land of zamindars alone accounted for one-fourth of the agricultural land in the State and that "top 804 zamindars own anything between one-fifth and one-fourth of the province''. Still the committee noted that '', . .we do not think that the results achieved would be commensurate with the discontent and hardship resulting from it. We, therefore, recommend that no limits be placed on the maximum area held in cultivation!' The committee observed that land distribution would "increase the difficulty of zamindars in adjusting them to changed condition", As if the committee did not have the interest of landless labourers in mind it opposed redistribution on the strange logic that the "dismemberment of large holdings would have the result of displacing large number of agricultural labourers". The committee had also noted that during the depression period on an average peasants were evicted from an area of 2.5 lakh acres annually which in later period came down to about two lakh acres per annum on an average. The 'sir' and 'khudhakast' land of zamindars totalling 74 lakh acres was cultivated by tenants.

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