ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Child Labour and Legislation

Umesh Ch Sahoo HISTORICALLY childhood has been viewed as lovable, a stage of protection with care and warmth, besides training for physical and mental growth. Ostensibly the child is a 'national asset' for nation and capital building. Ironically in underdeveloped countries like India most children can hardly dream of childhood let alone realise the promises of adulthood. The reasons are inbuilt and multivariant. It is precisely because of conspicuous structural variations in terms of organisation of production and recent trends towards capitalist development in both industry and agriculture which paves the way for the perpetuation and use of child labour force. The common explanations in terms of poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, and above all governmental apathy, though they indicate certain dimensions of its existence, convey little about the structure of its reproduction. Moreover, the treatment of the phenomenon in isolation from historicity and political economy stands in the way of a comprehensive understanding of the issue.

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