ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Maps and Freedom of Speech

mutilated and women raped. Raza Anwar, an Afghan not by any means a friend of Najibullah, has written in his book that "to the Mujahidcen it is the observance of Islam itself to torture and mutilate the bodies of captured rebels". There have been several defections from the ranks of the Mujahideen to the Afghan government, repelled by the cruelty of the rebels. By just being Najibullah's enemies, the Mujahideen increased the ranks of the friends of the regime. Shrewed as he is, Najibullah skilfully exploited the dark side of the rebels to prove his bona fides. He also offered blandishments to co-opt different tribal leaders in the government, destroying the unity of the Mujahideen. Afghan society was never homogeneous; it has been always fractured with myriad tribal loyalties. With the passage of every day, the Najibullah regime is gaining sustenance and the hopes of Pakistan and America of toppling at are receding.

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