ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Import Liberalisation and Engineering Industry-Some Issues of Short-Term Adjustment

acknowledging the existence of caste oppression, it is necessary to confront one more question: are there oppressor castes? In answering this question, it is not enough to accept that there are privileged castes. We have to go further. In the numerous instances of denial of temple entry, access to drinking water, or other practices of untouchability and caste oppression, do not non-ruling members of the upper, privileged castes participate? And is their participation in these acts of oppression not merely as lathaits, as hired hands of the landlords, but because the continuance of caste oppression is necessary for the maintenance of caste privileges? Privilege for the upper castes includes the possibility of engaging (exploiting) bonded farm hands (halwahas), who are kept in their place as bonded labourers by not just debt, but also caste oppression. Privilege for the upper castes and oppression of the lower castes form a unity, are the two opposed aspects of the caste system. The one cannot exist without the other. Oppressed castes cannot exist without caste differences. Difference is only another word for contradiction. Which is to say, oppressed castes and oppressor castes exist in a unity that can only be dissolved by ending (superseding) the caste system.

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