ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Studies in Migration

WHO migrate? Why do they do it? What satisfactions or relief from problems in their original homes do they seek in migration? How do they decide where to go? What problems do they face as a result of the migration, which involves for most migrants, leaving the security provided by the family, the community, well-established patterns of work and of economic and social relationships, to live and work in a radically different often harsh and hostile environment and among people most of whom are strangers. For most male migrants to the cities migration involves, in addition, separation from their families for long periods with its attendant loneliness and hardship for both themselves and their families. How, by whom and why are the migrants provided with the information required to take the decision to migrate and to choose the place of migration and the work there. By whom are they assisted in this place in finding a job and a place to live in, and to make the numerous adjustments required for living there. In other words, what are the information and support systems that the migrants seek and find for taking the decisions, mentioned above? Is migration by individuals or by groups? Is it permanent/long-term, temporary/ short-term, seasonal or year-round? What problems do the migrants create in the places of in-migration? What adjustments are required by the older residents of these places at individual, community or government structure levels, to solve or mitigate these problems? What new perceptions, attitudes and patterns of interaction between the migrants and the older residents must evolve so that the two groups can live in peace and harmony, without conflict or tensions?

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