ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Trouble in Capitalist Show-case

out, however, that those accused of 'waging war' and 'hijacking' would still face trial before special courts under procedures which shifted the burden of proof and permitted trial in camera. In its October communication to the Chief Minister of Punjab, Amnesty International welcomed the new state government's announcement of 26 September abolishing special courts and requested that the cases of those convicted by them be reviewed, as their procedures fell short of international standards for a fair trial Politically motivated arrests were reported from many other Indian states, including Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram and Uttar Pradesh. These usually resulted in short-term detentions under the NSA. In Jammu and Kashmir, where some opposition parties advocated a plebiscite to determine the status of the territory, there were reports of hundreds of arrests for alleged anti-national activities. Among those arrested were members of the Jamaat-e-Islami, the People's League, the People's Conference, the Mahaz- e-Azadi and the Jamaat-e-Tulba. In April Amnesty International appealed on behalf of four members of these parties detained without trial under the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act. On 21 November the Supreme Court granted compensation to a member of the state Legislative Assembly who had been detained without trial, observing that 'if the personal liberty of a member of the Legislative Assembly is to be played with in this fashion, one can only wonder what may happen to lesser mortals'. Amnesty International received from many different parts of India reports of torture and ill- treatment of criminal suspects in police stations. It also received reports of people arrested in connection with political activities being tortured and ill-treated in the States of Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Maharashtra, Punjab, West Bengal and in the Union Territory of Delhi.

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