ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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On the Mother and Child in India

October 19, 1985 boys in the Kohi chak as herdsmen seem noticeable!' "Lambardar's dues (village security) are a help, but a small one, and the social habits engendered by possession of the dignity are more than a counterbalance to the income thus obtained." (See Replies to Inquiries to the Commission, op cit.) 75 "The canal irrigation, at the style in which it has been going on here for many years past, would, I believe, ruin any land in time. It is of no use to say that the people are to blame for flooding their land so; their reply is cogent, we must do so to sustain the heavy government demand. The inelasticity, too, of the canal water rent is against them." "if they do not have sufficient discretion to prevent a far distant but surely coming destruction of powers by a moderate use of the immense power of irrigation from canals, that responsibility is with the government. The remedy is simple, allow only moderate irrigation and assess accordingly!' (See Replies to Inquiries to the Commission, op cit.) 76 "The government demand is inelastic and we have failed to teach the people as yet to prevent the strain in bad years by thrift in good reasons. But the adjustment is generally accomplished though in a costly and clumsy manner. They moneylender gives help in bad seasons and is repaid in good, the greater cost is found in his exorbitant interest." "The 'middleman class' is numerous, it is favoured by intelligence and social custom. And this brings us to what perhaps is not the greatest cause of indebtedness strictly speaking, but the greatest cause of increase of indebtedness, viz, the power of the moneylender over the Zamin- dar.'' (See Replies to Inquiries to the Commission, op cit.) 77 "The pressure of population is felt more directly here [the tenant at will] than any other class. A family of Strong men, or having active women may do well, but whenever the non-producing part of the house becomes large, distress is sure to follow. The mali of Rathdaneh gets together in one way or another a pretty large income, but the large quantity of food requisite to keep his seventeen people going makes it a hard matter to keep out of debt" "Probably by the time the boys come to working age, they will find their earnings embarrassed with considerable debt. The limit, however, is not far off, when the moneylender ceases to give credit, the house breaks up and the men scatter to earn their living by hiring themselves out." (See Replies to Inquiries to the Conunission, op cit.) 78 The Deccan Riots Commission Report, 1875. See also Amrita Rangasami, 'The McAlpin Capers', Economic and Political Weekly, September 1, 1984.

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