ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Trade Unions, Rule Making and Industrial Relations

Industrial Relations E A Ramaswamy This paper seeks to explain industrial conflict and consensus by reference to the process of setting norms. In the context of Indian industrial relations, it is possible to identify different kinds of norms with divergent sources. There are norms by consent; by executive fiat; by third party mediation in the form of conciliation, arbitration or adjudication; and by legislation. There are in addition grey areas where norms have either not crystallised Or are set independently and in conflict by labour and management.

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