ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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State and Bureaucracy in Kautilya s-Arthasastra

Arthasastra Satya Deva This article argues that, if we use the society, State and bureaucracy portrayed in the Arthasastra as a test case for different theoretical models, we find that the Marxian model alone can expain it. The State balanced the two exploiting classes of tribal chiefs and farmer-traders. The bureaucracy functioned as a ruling class. Power tons exercised through legitimation, bureaucratic organisation, coercion, and im- morality. In so far as a rational bureaucratic organisation was present, Weber' s model

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