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Indian Development-A Different Soviet View

 term 'community' would be helpful, as it is used at a number of different levels in these essays. The study of the Bombay textile workers is highly suggestive, but it lacks the precision of focus on working class culture seen in the writings of Dipesh Chakrabarty on the jute-workers of Calcutta. In fact, Kumar is only too well aware (p 58) of the problem involved in understanding popular culture and consciousness, and he calls for studies of the quality of those carried by Oscar Lewis in Mexico, It is a pity, perhaps, that he himself did not follow this suggestion up. His belief that peasant jacqueries are spontaneous outbursts (p 215) needs to be modified after the appearance of Ranajit Guha's monograph, "Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India", which shows that from the peasant's own point of view there is nothing 'spontaneous' about such revolts. At times, Kumar uses rather elitist language, as on page 68, where he says that 'King Mob ruled over the city' (of Bombay) and 'primitive passions' were set loose. Why, one wonders, is it 'primitive' for workers to attack with ferocity those whom they see as their exploiters? Where the police also guilty of giving vent to their 'primitive passions' when they suppressed the rioters with lathis unci bullets?

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