ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Social Change among Jainas

January 29, 1983 15 The sweep of Tamil agrarian history, presents us with severa; classic illustrations of social dynamics as well as of sankritisatioo. The Agamudaiyar constitute one of the three ancient groups of warlike people in Tamil society, the others being Maravar and Kallar. While the Maravar were mainly located around the kingdoms or Itumnad and Sivagangai in the southern parts, many Agamudaiyar arc said to have served as mercenaries with the Vijayanagar empire and (Circa 13th-16th century) were settled with land by their patrons in the northern part. By the end of the eighteenth eecrtury they were claiming a Mudaliyar or Vellala status (Vel- lala being ritually superior to all three warrier groups). Thus at the turn of the eighteenth century and in early nineteenth century, a leading Agamudaiyar called Pa- chatyappan boldly called himself Paehaivappa Mudaliyar. The story of the Agamudaiyar is thus an old udage among the northern Tamil Vellalas :

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