ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Kid Gloves for Tax Evaders

presenting a "total management system in agriculture" (ie, serving the crops in their totality, from extension and input supply to marketing or even processing) showed that in spite of certain organisational differences, the two had a similar positive impact on the development of crop enterprises Extension of this system to other cash crops was suggested. The study by the Waltair Centre in areas with contrasting characteristics in East Godavari district further confirmed the fact that areas with better resource base and higher level of agricultural development have received greater attention and a larger contribution from public and private agencies supplying agricultural inputs and services. In the tribal areas. is shown by another Waltair study, co-operatives and other institutions have proved misfits and in some cases instruments of exploitation of tribal people. The study of co-operatives supplying production credit in the selected areas of Gujarat showed that single crop co-operatives (like cotton marketing co-operatives in south Gujarat) covering the crops in totality (as against the ordinary credit co-operatives supplying only credit or other imputs) have shown better performance. Of course, this pattern is discouraged by the Reserve Bank as it is apprehended that it might hinder the progress of the service co-operatives. The study also brought out that linking of credit and marketing (so crucial for the success of the co-opera fives) could be effectively established where marketing was made the focal point of the movement and the credit function emerged as a felt need. The study of Panchayat Raj institutions by the NICD in four selected states emphasised the need for strengthening the institutions at Panchayat Samiti level (where the most interaction between the people and officials was found) so that they could play a significant supportive role in furthering the cause of agricultural development.

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