ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Orissa- Two on a See-Saw

of development programmes to the 1970-71 foodgrains output: "... it is pertinent to note from the state-wise pattern of increase in the foodgrain output in 1970-71 over that in the preceding year that the bulk of the increase in output has occurred not in states where the development programmes have been taking rapid strides but in those with low irrigational facilities and high dependence 011 rainfall. Of the increase or 8.3 million tonnes, as much as 4 million tonnes has come from Rajasthan alone and would seem to be almost in entirety the result of favourable weather. The position is not far different in respect of the increases realised in Madhya Pradesh. Gujarat and Bihar; these add up to another 2.7 million tonnes. The available irri- gational facilities in these states are meagre and the contribution of the additional acreage expected to have been brought under the high-yielding varicties of seeds (alone with that of the additional consumption of fertihis- ers imperfectly inferred from the quantities distributed). even when reckoned on the basis of official yardsticks, would not seem to account for more than limited increases in food- grain output realised in these states. In Uttar Pradesh, although a significant addition to capacity for the ex ploitation of ground water resources has occurred during the year, yet this factor together with the increase in the area under the high-yielding varieties of seeds and other inputs would hardly explain much more than half of the increase, in output; a considerable part of the additional output would seem to have been produced by favourable weather. A state like Punjab, on the other hand,

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