ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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MANILA- Constitutional Martial Law

October 14, 1972 MANILA Constitutional Martial Law? T J S George IN the South-East Asian sea of strongman governments, the Philippines used to be a sentinel island where the flag of democracy Hew high. That flag was lowered on the night of September 22 when President Ferdinand Marcos imposed martial law, closed down all newspapers and radio stations and took into custody an assortment of opposition politicians and journalists. A way of life which Filipinos had thought inviolable came to an abrupt end.

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