ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Muscles of Steel

Muscles of Steel D C Kale The Soviet Challenge in Base Metals by Alexander Sutulov, Salt Lake City, University of Utah Printing Services, 1971; pp viii + 195; $ 12.50, By orbiting a heavy Sputnik into the sky without fanfare in 1957, Russia gave cleat notices that in the science and technology race it was not far behind the US. Less dramatically, it also set a more basic challenge: that of surpassing the US as the leading producer of steel and base metals by the end of their ninth Plan in 1975. The way in which this task is being tackled makes a fascinating study in spite of the information being presented in patches, Alexander Sutulov has in the past few years, given con- siderable attention to the development of the mining and metallurgical industries in USSR, The book under review is the result of his careful compilation of technological and economic data on this subject. His theme is to compare production and consumption in the USSR with that in the US, but there are many lessons to be learned by India as to how a backward country built up its mineral industry to a dominant position. The introductory chapter mentions that, while the two gaint countries have only 12 per- cent of the world's population, they account for half of the world's gross output and 40 per cent of base metals output. At the end of the sixties, the annual mineral output per capita was around $100 for the US and $60 for Russia. The USSR's ninth Five Year Plan (1970-75), which envisages an investment of over $500,000 million, will boost steel output by 26 per cent, oil and natural gas by about 45 per cent, and copper and aluminium by 35 to 70 per cent, It must be remembered too that these increases are over base figures which are already among the highest in the world.

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