ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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CEYLON-Shambles of Bandaranaike Socialism

and the presentation of a model that might be made use of in other States as well. It is important to remember that, while the CPI(M) mass base continues to be large, it has not been able to swing it into action in any significant way on any issue for the past so many months. Even its meetings and demonstrations lack the dynamism and the magnitude they had in the past. This LIBERALS used to think that the subcontinent of India, Pakistan and Ceylon was free from revolution; that Pakistan was governed by 'gentlemen' from Sandhurst, and that India and Ceylon were model "Westminister style' democracies following the rules of the British parliamentary game. Whereas in Pakistan, military rule, basic democracies, and the economic 'miracle' were held up as examples for others to admire, if not emulate, in India and Ceylon, Nehru and Bandaranaike socialism in a parliamentary framework was thought of as the answer to bloody revolution. But 1971, the year when the centenary of the Paris Commune was celebrated, will prove to be a historic year for these countries. Already we see the beginnings of armed straggles of liberation in all three countries- Suddenly the bourgeois dream of political stability, parliamentary demo- cracy, and welfare state socialism has been shattered by violent revolutionary upheavals.

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