ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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LONDON-Anti-Working Class Charter

ECONOMIC AND POLTICAL WEEKLY and well formulated. He took as his point of departure V K R V Rao's address to the Conference last year. He spoke of four levels of Marxist orientation in the social sciences. The first level, where a Marxist scholar was engaged in refuting the assumptions of bourgeois society, was a "non-serious" category; the second, third and fourth levels were serious, since they already accepted certain philosophical-methodological assumptions of Marxism. Sharma's paper remained very much at the first level, questioning the assumptions of V K R V Rao's address and pointing out the contradictions in it. In the process he fully refuted most of what might be called the sociology of underdevelopment in India which em phasised caste, regional and language differences in order to question the applicability of the Marxist concept of revolution to Indian society. This was followed by Naqvi's bold and precise comments regarding the concrete historical situation in India, Naqvi emphasised the impossibility of peaceful change; an alliance of the working-class and the peasantry would forcibly take India out of the imperia list camp, China was held up as an example of a successful People's Democracy.

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