ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Special Articles Self Reliance and Aid

The First Plan began with the perspective of achieving self-reliance in 15 years. With each subsequent Plan the official deadline for self-reliance has been pushed forward by two Plan-periods.In fact, the trade and payments gap has been continually widening and dependence on exter-nal assistance has become increasingly complete, taking the country to the point where it has to bor-row to service past debt.

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