ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846
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Problems of Cultural Integration

A Muslim Sub-Caste of North India

For nearly five centuries the Meos, a dominant land-owning sub-caste of Mewat in Rajasthan, enjoyed the privileges available to both Hindus and Muslims. By continuing to follow their original Hindu tradition they maintained their dominant land-owning position in the Hindu caste structure. At the same time they protected themselves from the wrath of powerful Muslim rulers by nominal adoption of Islam.

In recent years, however, gradual break-up of the Jajmani arrangements and a tendency of the subcastes towards wider integration has made it necessary for the Meos also to change. 

Because partition stiffened the attitude of Hindus towards them, the Meos were virtually forced into greater Islamization in order to participate in the widening contacts. 

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