ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Fertiliser Corporation's Come-back

No Part of India's development effort has suffered from vacillation in policyframing and execution more than the nitrogenous fertiliser programme. Ten years elapsed between the conception of the Sindri fertiliser factory and its going into production in 1953. Exceptional factors (war, partition) could perhaps explain this delay, but the subsequent factories have not been set up any more expeditiously. Rourkela, Nangal and Trombay took 52 to 71 months each against the normal period of 28 to 38 months estimated as necessary by a UN Mission.

No Part of India's development effort has suffered from vacillation in policyframing and execution more than the nitrogenous fertiliser programme. Ten years elapsed between the conception of the Sindri fertiliser factory and its going into production in 1953. Exceptional factors (war, partition) could perhaps explain this delay, but the subsequent factories have not been set up any more expeditiously. Rourkela, Nangal and Trombay took 52 to 71 months each against the normal period of 28 to 38 months estimated as necessary by a UN Mission.

Though Sindri was in production in 1953, the progress of the nitrogenous fertilisers programme in the next five years was slow, necessitating a revision of the Government's declared policy of reserving new units for the public sector and allotting in 1960 a capacity of 200,000 tonnes N to the private sector in the Third Plan. Subsequently, an American consortiun,Bechtel was invited to draw up a massive programme for the manufacture of one million tonnes N in five large plants. The failure of the Third Plan programme for nitrogenous fertilisers and the consequent changes in policy permitting foreign majority participation and free sale of 70 per cent of production for seven years do not need elaboration here. And now it is reported that the Sivaraman Mission has been far less successful than it has tried to make out in getting foreign companies interested in our fertiliser programme.

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