ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Package Programme An Appraisal

The Package Programme has been an important part of the development effort in Indian agriculture for more than five years. The genesis of the Programme is too well known to merit a detailed discussion. In summary, it arose out of the belief that by the mid-1960's, the gap between consumption needs and production was in danger of widening to a critical extent and that a more intensive programme, in which inputs and efforts would be concentrated on areas with potentially high response, was at least a part of the answer to this problem. Hence the selection of the seven original IADP districts to be followed at a later date by nine more districts.Over the period of operation of the programme, agricultural production on a national scale has been disappointing.It is, therefore, appropriate to examine the Programme in terms of its past achievements and potential for the future. 

The Package Programme has been an important part of the development effort in Indian agriculture for more than five years. The genesis of the Programme is too well known to merit a detailed discussion. In summary, it arose out of the belief that by the mid-1960's, the gap between consumption needs and production was in danger of widening to a critical extent and that a more intensive programme, in which inputs and efforts would be concentrated on areas with potentially high response, was at least a part of the answer to this problem. Hence the selection of the seven original IADP districts to be followed at a later date by nine more districts.Over the period of operation of the programme, agricultural production on a national scale has been disappointing.It is, therefore, appropriate to examine the Programme in terms of its past achievements and potential for the future. This exercise is particularly relevant in view of the recent extension of the package concept to more than a hundred districts (Intensive Agricultural Areas) and the proposed selection of 32 million acres under foodgrains within these districts for special attention along Package Lines.The purpose of this paper, which is based on limited data and observations, is to make a preliminary examination of over-all progress, to consider certain pressing problems and to present some suggestions which might be worthy of further study.

Achievements of the Programme
The basic aim of the Programme is to achieve an immediate rapid increase in agricultural production, and in the long run, a break-through in production. Particular emphasis is to be laid on food crops. Symptoms of a break-through would normally be discernible in terms of an expansion in production at a rate considerably faster inside the Package Programme districts than outside

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