ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Changing Status of Pulaya Harijans of Kerala

The Putayas are the bottom rung of the caste hierarchy in Kerala. From being a source of pollu tion, they have, through education, greater economic independence, and through enactment of laws prohibit ing discrimination against them, attained a higher status in society.

Caste Fission and Fusion

The definition of caste has come increasingly into dispute, its identification with a closed stratification system forming an organic whole is being questioned. The observed process of fission and fusion has broken down castes into new endogamous sub-units and there has been at the same time amalgamation of analogous castes for the acquisition of social and political influence.
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