ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Naphtha Turn-around

Naphtha Turn-around Arthagnani THE Government's policy on fertilisers has gone through disturbing convolutions without bringing about much progress in the fertiliser manufacturing programme. The logic of setting a target date for presenting proposals was questioned in these columns, and it was suggested that if a date had to be set, it would be more advisable to set a date for the free sale of fertilisers (say, December 1980). Such a policy, by reducing the period of free sale for a late-comer or a laggard would have been more logical than the present policy which gives the same terms to all comers, enabling each manufacturer to hold out for improved terms. The revised final date


PILC or PVC? K V Subrahmanyam LONG before Indian entrepreneurs started seeking collaboration agreements with foreign firms for the manufacture of power cables, advancing technology and scarcity of raw materials, especially of lead and copper, had resulted in serious encroachments being made by poly-vinyl-chloride (PVC) cables with aluminium conductors into the preserves of paper-insulated-lead-covered (PILC) cables with copper conductors. How, then, did Government decide to en- courage reckless creation of capacity in the power cable manufacturing industry for the production of goods that were not only far advanced on the highway to obsolescence, but had also to depend on high-cost imported raw materials? The clue to an understanding of this episode, just one among many in post- Independence history, was provided sixty years ago in 1907 by Sir Thomas Holland, FRS, then the Director of the Geological Survey of India, with prophetic foresight when he said: "In this country there is a tendency 10 follow the English model using methods which persist in the old country only because vested interests there involved outweigh the disadvantages due to their continued use. We, however, do not even transplant the methods and machinery up-to-date, but lend ourselves to the acceptance of material about to be discarded in Europe." Since Independence, the tendency to which Holland referred has been sublimitated into an esoteric virtue by the bureaucracy in New Delhi.

Who Should Pay for Cement Exports

Who Should Pay for Cement Exports? Do recent press reports making out a case for a subsidy on cement exports indicate that the industry's thoughts are turning to exports? It it not surprising if this should be so. Conditions in the industry are changing fast. After nearly eight years of continuous shortage of cement, sort of a balance between demand

More Time for J P C

fellow-Bengalis. But Bengalis, for all the violent language they use, are really not a very violent people, it would seem. The Statesman took comfort in the statistics released by the Union Home Ministry which said that while as many as 1,592 murders were reported in Uttar Pradesh in the first half of 1967, only 213 were reported in Bengal. It may be a better reflection of Bengali character that as many as 2,000 Bengalis committed suicide as a result of "frustration in love".

Props or Incentives

Props or Incentives? MUCH uninformed criticism has been levelled against the Union and Stale Governments' policies intended to promote small industry. In its reply to the questionnaire issued by the Working Group on Small Industries set up by the Administrative Reforms Commission, FICCI bewails the "subjective halo" around the small industry concept, decries the parallels drawn with Japan and other countries in respect of the significance of small industries, questions small industries' claims to labour-intensiveness and their capacity to spearhead industrialisation of rural areas and, finally, opposes "props and preferential treatment, subsidies and artificial stimulations" to small industries.


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