ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Overpopulation and the Rural Poor

M V Nadkarni Is the poverty of the poor due to 'overpopulation'? This study, based on a socio-economic survey of six villages in the command area of the Jayakwadi Irrigation Project in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, examines the workforce in six villages to test the popular hypothesis that rural households, particularly the poor ones, are burdened with excessive population. The evidence does not support the hypothesis. The poor households find their manpower an asset

Population Growth and Economic Development-A Counter-Argument

A Counter-Argument S K Rao This paper argues that the often-repeated emphasis on 'population control as a means of generating economic growth makes sense only if one can postulate that the number of 'births prevented' is a function of the expenditure on birth control.

Population Policy and Redistribution of Income

C Rangarajan j K Satia Given the present level and pattern of distribution of income and the occupational structure of the economy, there may not be sufficient economic motivation for families below a certain consumption level to limit their size to the extent necessary for bringing about the desired reduction in the overall fertility levels. A congruence of economic motivation at the national level and at the family level is, therefore, necessary.

The Ideology of Population

Mahmood Mamdani This paper seeks to contribute to the development of a scientific explanation of the rising rates of natural increase in population in most backward capitalist countries and thereby to deepen the critique of neo-Malthusianism and attempt a redefinition of what has been called the 'population problem' The author analyses the reproductive behaviour of two social groups that form the bulk of the population in the Indian social formation : the working peasantry and the unemployed. He tries to delineate those historically created social relations that explain the reproductive behaviour of these groups.
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