Does Art Have a Caste? A Debate on Carnatic Music

 The Discussion Map charts important debates from the pages of the EPW. 


EPW's special Postscript of four articles this week tackles the relationship between art and society through the case of Carnatic music.

This art form, whose origins lie in South India, merely provides the pretext and context for a broader and deeper discussion about a range of concepts and ideas that are relevant to all art forms, such as the social composition of those involved in specific art forms and how that influences aesthetics; the politics around giving certain art forms the status of the “classical;” whether it is possible to make comparisons across art forms, and whether we should even attempt to do so; and the shifting relationship between what we call classical, folk and popular art forms.

In the process, the articles also touch upon broad themes in the social sciences, such as structure and agency, historical determinism versus contingent explanations, cultural relativism, and the activist–agent.

The articles in this series were sparked off by a piece by the sociologist Kamala Ganesh in the EPW. She raised questions about the critiques of Carnatic music and its ecosystem that have gathered momentum over the past decade and which shot to national prominence with the publication of a book by the outstanding Carnatic vocalist, T M Krishna, in 2014.

Her article elicited a response from Krishna. To this, Ganesh has offered a rejoinder. The social historian Lakshmi Subramanian and intellectual historian Ananya Vajpeyi have responded to Ganesh's first article. 

No doubt, Krishna figures prominently in this section, and perhaps that is inevitable because of the central role he has played in raising some of these issues in public. But the aim is to go well beyond personalities, to focus squarely on the issues and raise the level of discussion about art and society.

 Sumana Ramanan ( is consulting editor at EPW.


Click on the icons to read excerpts from each article.



Must Read

Justice Indu Malhotra set a dangerous precedent by stating that courts should not delve into the rationality of religious practices. This article contests the arguments made by this lone dissenter to...
Studies on sexual harassment complaint committees over the years highlight how committees, even when instituted, often do not function as they should. 
Two judgements in August 2017 came under the scanner for the language they used to define consent and talk about survivors of sexual assault.
Though atheism has been socially prevalent in India, it has remained a grey area in the legal context. There are no specific laws catering to atheists and they are considered as belonging to the...
Several unconstitutional laws in India repress its citizens. A reading list from the EPW Archives.
The prevention of torture has been one of the key human rights developments in the last decade. With India’s strong stake for a seat at the security council, the issue has assumed importance. However...
Back to Top