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Our Hierarchical Universities

Our Hierarchical Universities Sudhir Chandra DISCONTENT is mounting among lecturers, who constitute the majority of university teachers, against the existing three tier academic hierarchy. It is also shared by a number of people occupying the middle berth. Not all the causes of this discontent 'are strictly academic. But it derives chiefly from a frustratingly long experience of the systematic abuse of the existing structure for personal and group interests. It is no exaggeration to maintain that only in rare cases are appointments to higher posts made on merit. Various extraneous considerations play the key role in these appointments. This is an alarming situation. It fosters academic politics, and for purposes of professional advancement renders virtually irrelevant the acquisition of intellectual excellence. It induces the growth of camp-followers and time-servers, and inhibits scholars and thinkers And the irony is that this system is maintained ostensibly for encouraging teachers to take to reading and research; its abolition is resisted on the ground that but for its rewards and punishments teachers would not read and write. To this we shall return later. Let us meanwhile cast a quick glance at the academic class war that the academic hierarchy has deepened.

Crisis in the Japanese University

Crisis in the Japanese University Philip G Altbach WITH world interest focused on student revolts in Paris, Berlin, and New York, little attention has been given to one of the most serious educational explosions in the current scries of crises

What Kind of Manpower Planning

 However, besides its fiscally regressive nature, an impost on agricultural inputs would run counter to the dictates of agricultural development by inhibiting use of improved methods. Such a course would, in fact, take us back to the pre-1962 situation, on the argument that since incomes cannot be transferred from agriculture, income generation itself should be slowed down in that sector.

Centres of Excellence for Training Scientists

is partly due to the steps taken towards modernisation of machinery and a fuller utilisation of capacity. On the other hand, the major portion of improvement in productivity in the jute industry materialised in the First Plan period itself. Apart from shortage of raw jute supplies, the trend during the later period is also perhaps an indication that the process of modernisation was not yet completed in that industry. In the iron and steel industry, although, capital/ labour ratio was fairly high, the increase in productivity was relatively small owing to the high levels of productivity already attained in the base year and the long gestation period in the new units of this industry. (4) The wage component of total industrial costs was relatively small (less than one-fifth of total costs) and the wage-cost ratio declined somewhat over the years except in cotton and jute textiles. (5) This falling trend in the wage-cost ratio holds good even if the overall share of labour cost (i e, salaries and wages) is taken as a percentage of total costs of industrial output.

Unemployed Engineers

Unemployed Engineers Angus Hone THE admission capacity of engineering and technological institutions (degree and diploma levels) increased from 1965-66 ' This rapid increase followed
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