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Theory of Administration

whole lot? Bharati's contempt for easteism and untouchability, his enthusiasm for women's upliftment, his unorthodox liferstyle, his patriotism and passion for independence, particularly in the days when the independence movement had not become mass-based, his zeal for building a modern India, his virion of an integrated and united India, his love of language, his contempt for irrational orthodoxy have all to be sized up at one look and an evaluation has to be made on that basis of whether he was progressive or not.

Elasticity of Non-Corporate Income Tax in India

Elasticity of Non-Corporate Income Tax in India Anupam Gupta AMARESH BAGCHI and M Govinda Rao have written an interesting paper on a very important issue.1 If elasticity of non-corporate income tax was fairly high, greater reliance could be placed on non-corporate income tax for raising revenue and the question of equity in the tax incidence could be more easily dealt with. A low elasticity of income tax compels the exchequer to depend more on commodity taxes. A consumption lax is essentially regressive and the classification of goods into essential and luxury items remains controversial. A consumption tax is more likely to add to inflationary forces than an income tax. For all these and many mote reasons, one would consider worthwhile examination of the scope of raising the elasticity of non-corporate income tax, I am grateful to the authors for dealing with my earlier workon this problem at length. Their conclusion is different from mine. But I feel this difference arises from one's view about what 'he tax administration is likely to achieve in the future.

Technology Choice

ference to Kerala", Orient Longman, 27 Gopalan, C (1977) op cit 27 Gopalan, C (1977) op cit 2S Sukhatme, P V, "Malnutrition and Poverty" Ninth Lalbahadur Memorial Lecture, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Delhi, 1977. Dandekar, V M, 'On Measurement of Povertv', Economic and Political Weekly, July 25, 1981.

Operation Flood and Social Science

Operation Flood and Social Science Research B S Baviskar IT was interesting to see the letters by V Kurien and Raymond Crotty in the same issue (EPW, April 2). Both of them arc important figures in the field of dairy development The contributions and achievements of Kurien are well known the world over. As former General Manager of the Amul Dairy and present Chairman of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and the Indian Dairy Corporation (IDC), he is the main architect of India's dairy policy and programmes. It is largely because of his leadership that the Amul Dairy and the NDDB are recognised for their efficiency, professionalism, and lack of blatent corruption

Design of Hill Development

Design of Hill Development R K Dar THE theme, setting and argument led by Mukul Sanwal in his article "Design of Hill Development: Lessons from the Plans of UP and HP" (EPW, February 12, 1983) are very greatly to he welcomed. Intuitively, the stress on recognising the central importance of forests to the hill area and economy is sound The present observations are intended, however, to press further the logic of this central concept.

Against Eucalyptus

tually, this dhange has been reflected most in the growing influence of various related theoretical orientation which fail under the rubric of system theory. Such approaches, a:- their name implies, assume the fundamental inter-relatedness of all tonus of social behaviour. Changes incorporated at any part of the 'system' whether economic, political .social, or psychological, will have an impact on the other dimensions. To understand pressures toward either change or stability, it is necessary to have a concept of how the social system

Theory of Administration

9 The Bangladesh Observer, January 10 The number of madrassas in 1980 was more than 2,500, For details .see 1980 Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh, Dhaka June 1961,

Amniocentesis Again

Amniocentesis Again Dharma Kumar I HOPE I will be given space to revert to the ethics of amniocentesis for two reasons. First, my original comments (EFW, January 15) have been misunderstood by many, especially by feminists. My careless writing has been partly to blame, and I would like to modify some of my statements in the light of spoken and written criticism. On the other hand, recent reports on female infanticide in China seem to support some of the points I made.

Economics of Bride Price and Dowry

 answer perhaps lies in institutional shareholdings being contained, as a requirement of public policy, within certain sensible limits, say not more than 30 per cent in individual companies, as a properly functioning private sector will need this in any case to protect its integrity.

Telangana Movement Revisited

Telangana Movement Revisited K Balagopal I AM neither a social scientist nor do I have the courage to describe myself a 'revolutionary socialist', in other words, I belong neither to the category in which Dhanagare (December 18, 1982) gallantly includes Barry Pavier (and gets an unpleasant rebuke in return) nor to the category in which Barry Pavier makes bold to include himself. If, nevertheless, I am chancing my arm in commenting upon Pavier's cavalier tract on Telan- gana ("The Telangana Movement, 1944-51") and his presumptous comments on Dhanagare's review of the book (March 5), that is out of a fear that nobody with better credentials is going to do so. The fear is prompted by the fact that Dhanagare, the acknowledged academic expert on Telangana, is so unsure of himself that he manages to render 'vetti' as bonded labour and suggests with an insufferable politeness that perhaps Pavier has not given enough importance to it in trying to understand Telangana. Such politeness, to paraphrase a historian of mathematics speaking of Spinoza, would be engaging were it not exasperating.

Female Infanticide and Amniocentesis

the Cultural Revolution, return to the centres of the political scene in China? The mere fact that this question can be posed shows that the process of economic reforms in China is very different from the economic reform process in East- em Europe.

Economics of Bride-Price and Dowry

Economics of Bride-Price and Dowry Rita Bhandari Sambrani Shreekant Sambrani AN immediate reaction to Indira Rajaraman's (1983) analysis of the transition from bride-price to dowry is that this is a subject worthy of urgent and extensive field investigation, as she rightly stresses. Even in the absence of such studies, the analysis under reference raises several questions, which could be discussed in view of admittedly casual, impressionistic, evidence. Two sets of the more important concerns are : (1) How extensive is the phenomenon of transition from bride-price to dowry? Is it possible to deal with it at such broad levels of disaggregation as organised and unorganised sectors, as attempted by Indira Rajaraman? (2) Is her framework of analysis adequate? Can this transition be sufficiently explained on the basis of economics alone?

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