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Civil Rights Literacy

for higher studies, how do we account for the relatively greater uneveness of distribution of public expenditure at this level in the rural areas? Is it the prevailing pattern of income distribution in rural and urban areas that accounts for a greater inequality of distribution of education in rural areas and of higher education in general?

Distribution of Education among Income Groups

Distribution of Education among Income Groups K R Shah THE root of the hypothesis, that the distribution of education is equitable and so is the distribution of public expenditure on education, argued in "Distribution of Education among Income Groups

FROM THE CHAIR-Bombay Suburban Electric Supply Limited-Statement of the Chairman, Mr R P Aiyer, to the Shareholders of the Company

September 17, 1983 suggestion regarding positive incentive to have girls, such as special pensions for couples who do not have sons (p 1076). Will such incentives not help to perpetuate the social-structural arrangements which need to be changed and reaffirm existing perceptions and values of the people? Must we continue to believe that it is only sons who can support their parents and that daughters have no choice but to" leave parental home and are in no position to support their parents? Must Dharma Kumar assumes that the social system is immutable so far as the people are concerned and whatever has to be done must be done without visualising any plans for change in it? Or, is it that she has missed these implications of her own suggestion to provide incentives to have gisls? These appears to be a common misconception that sex-selection tests are very expensive and hence only the well-to-do would be able to afford them. Apart from the fact that costs are coming down reports from Bombay and other places suggest that it is not beyond the reach of lower middle class or relatively poorer sections also and that many women belonging to these sections are going in for amniocentesis (Mira Savara, personal communication). It must be remembered that people weigh the costs of amniocentesis tests against the possible cost

Amniocentesis Debate Continued

Amniocentesis Debate Continued Leela Dube IN "Amniocentesis Again" (EPW, June 11) Dharma Kumar has commented that I have not given references in suppot of my observations regarding the absence of marked boy preference in most countries of Southeast Asia and my specific mention of Indonesia in this connection. I left them out for two reasons. First, a brief rejoinder did not seem to call for heavy scholarly documentation. Second, T thought that what I wrote of was fairly well known among social scientists, especially anthropologists and sociologists.

Economics of Bride Price and Dowry

Economics of Bride Price and Dowry Indira Rajaraman THE discuss on on my paper "Economics of Bride Price and Dowry" (February 8) by Sambrani-Sambrani (S-S) and Aziz (April 9) and P Radha- krishnan and Vasavi (June 4) was disappointing. The authors criticise not what I said, but what they think I said; the gap between the two is astonishingly wide. I am left therefore with the tedious but necessary task of having to quote myself at length in response.

Elasticity of Non-Corporate Income Tax

Elasticity of Non-Corporate Income Tax in India Amaresh Bagchi M Govinda Rao ANUPAM GUPTA'S comment on our papery (EPW, July 16) in response to our criticism of his low estimates of the elasticity of the noncorporate income tax in India brings to the fore some important methods logical issues involved in the estima- tion of income elasticity of income tax and the pitfalls of reading more from the elasticity estimates than is warranted.

Telengana Then and Now

August 20, 1983 The Yearbook of Agriculture 1955', p 219, Oxford Publishing Company, Bombay (1969), 21 Padmanabhan, B S, 'A Breakthrough in Harnessing River Waters', The Hindu, July 1, (1980).

Operation Flood and Social Scientists

Operation Flood and Social Scientists J George BEING a social scientist endeavouring to study dairy development and dairy in- vestment planning in India, I have been closely following the debate going on in EPW and elsewhere on this topic. The latest piece by B S Baviskar (July 2) rightly points our the difficulties faced by a social science research worker as a result of effectively blocking of dissemination of basic information on dairying in India and specially on the Operation. Flood (OF) project Bavis- kar has been championing the cause of social science research for a long time now and anybody would envy his contribution on dissemination of knowledge on milk co-operatives, EPW too had rightly raised a pertinent query troubling, many minds in its editorial note of January 22, Kurien in his rejoinder (April 2) conveniently avoided touching on the live question of incremental procurement as a result of project implementation.

Saving and Demand for Money

8 Ibid. 9 Kundu and Moonis Raza (1982) have taken the terminal year classification as the basis for computing the growth rates. 10 See Narula (1981).

Symbols, Women and Tamil Nadu Politics

Symbols, Women and Tamil Nadu Politics C K Raman C S LAKSHMI's article "Symbols. Women and Tamil Nadu Politics" (January 15) sounds blasphemous and offends the sentiments of the Tamils, Throughout the article the author betrays lack of proper appreciation of Bharati's works. To venture to find fault with a genius1 needs better understanding and appreciation of his works and of the backdrop of the society he lived in. No one can be above criticism and Bharati is no exception; but what is deplorable is the manner in which the so-called critical analysis is attempted by C S Lakshmi.

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