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Match-Making Children in Sivakasi

In his analysis of the situation of children in match industry of Sivakasi, Smithu Kothari has extensively quoted the UNICEF Area Development Report und has remarked that most studies on child labour have focused on the economic factors leading to employment of children and that their recommendations have stopped at stressing the need for improvement of working conditions, payment of better wages, provision of facilities for schooling, and stricter enforcement of applicable laws (luly 2 1983).

The Invisible Killers-A Rejoinder

ners could be to reduce hard currency import and to see that there is not much obvious "fat" in the hard currency import bill. But this may hot be acceptable to the Soviet planners. For instance, the import of machinery, which is a priority item, accounted for about a-third of the hard currency imports which the Soviet planners wish to maintain at any cost. Nearly one-fifth of the hard currency import was foodgrain which might not decline in the coming decades, considering the highly volatile nature of Soviet grain production. The Soviet Union imported rolled steel item, mainly steel pipes, for the gas industry which accounts for 14 per cent of the import bill. Considering these factors, Hewett feels that there may not be any possibility of substantial reduction in hard currency imports of the USSR, The major area which the Soviet planners would like to explore for maintaining high import bill will be export of more of manufactured industrial products in view of the possibilities of declining surplus of oil and energy for export. But the export of industrial manufactured goods to the developed capitalist countries is a hard nut to crack. The Soviet Union faces a number of constraints in the export of industrial manufacturing goods

Educational Experience of Scheduled Castes and Tribes

Educational Experience of Scheduled Castes and Tribes Malavika Karlekar IT is flattering that even eight years after the publication of "Higher Education and the Scheduled Castes" I continue to be pilloried for my views. While some have branded me a reactionary, Krishna Kumar ("Educational Experience of Scheduled Castes and Tribes'', Economic and Political Weekly, September 3-10, 1983) finds my suggestion that all things being equal, the student who is from a Sans- kritised background should be given preference in access to a reserved seat, full of "facile candour". Is this a compliment or a loaded criticism? (The COD says that while facile means ready and fluent it can also be used in a derogatory fashion.) When, in his preceding arguments he has talked of the problems of retention of the SC/ ST students and later of the advantages of bourgeois values among a select group of the oppressed, one may, in all humility, hope that the point goes to honesty.

Civil Rights Literacy

for higher studies, how do we account for the relatively greater uneveness of distribution of public expenditure at this level in the rural areas? Is it the prevailing pattern of income distribution in rural and urban areas that accounts for a greater inequality of distribution of education in rural areas and of higher education in general?

Distribution of Education among Income Groups

Distribution of Education among Income Groups K R Shah THE root of the hypothesis, that the distribution of education is equitable and so is the distribution of public expenditure on education, argued in "Distribution of Education among Income Groups

FROM THE CHAIR-Bombay Suburban Electric Supply Limited-Statement of the Chairman, Mr R P Aiyer, to the Shareholders of the Company

September 17, 1983 suggestion regarding positive incentive to have girls, such as special pensions for couples who do not have sons (p 1076). Will such incentives not help to perpetuate the social-structural arrangements which need to be changed and reaffirm existing perceptions and values of the people? Must we continue to believe that it is only sons who can support their parents and that daughters have no choice but to" leave parental home and are in no position to support their parents? Must Dharma Kumar assumes that the social system is immutable so far as the people are concerned and whatever has to be done must be done without visualising any plans for change in it? Or, is it that she has missed these implications of her own suggestion to provide incentives to have gisls? These appears to be a common misconception that sex-selection tests are very expensive and hence only the well-to-do would be able to afford them. Apart from the fact that costs are coming down reports from Bombay and other places suggest that it is not beyond the reach of lower middle class or relatively poorer sections also and that many women belonging to these sections are going in for amniocentesis (Mira Savara, personal communication). It must be remembered that people weigh the costs of amniocentesis tests against the possible cost

Amniocentesis Debate Continued

Amniocentesis Debate Continued Leela Dube IN "Amniocentesis Again" (EPW, June 11) Dharma Kumar has commented that I have not given references in suppot of my observations regarding the absence of marked boy preference in most countries of Southeast Asia and my specific mention of Indonesia in this connection. I left them out for two reasons. First, a brief rejoinder did not seem to call for heavy scholarly documentation. Second, T thought that what I wrote of was fairly well known among social scientists, especially anthropologists and sociologists.

Economics of Bride Price and Dowry

Economics of Bride Price and Dowry Indira Rajaraman THE discuss on on my paper "Economics of Bride Price and Dowry" (February 8) by Sambrani-Sambrani (S-S) and Aziz (April 9) and P Radha- krishnan and Vasavi (June 4) was disappointing. The authors criticise not what I said, but what they think I said; the gap between the two is astonishingly wide. I am left therefore with the tedious but necessary task of having to quote myself at length in response.

Elasticity of Non-Corporate Income Tax

Elasticity of Non-Corporate Income Tax in India Amaresh Bagchi M Govinda Rao ANUPAM GUPTA'S comment on our papery (EPW, July 16) in response to our criticism of his low estimates of the elasticity of the noncorporate income tax in India brings to the fore some important methods logical issues involved in the estima- tion of income elasticity of income tax and the pitfalls of reading more from the elasticity estimates than is warranted.

Telengana Then and Now

August 20, 1983 The Yearbook of Agriculture 1955', p 219, Oxford Publishing Company, Bombay (1969), 21 Padmanabhan, B S, 'A Breakthrough in Harnessing River Waters', The Hindu, July 1, (1980).

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