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Theory of Administration

Theory of Administration Satya Deva B VENKATESWARLU, in his criticism (October 29, 1983) of my paper "Theory of Ail ministration" (November 27, 1982) says, 'T do not believe that there can be a 'theory of ad- ministration'." This indicates a misapprehension of the nature of scientific study. Through the various sciences we focus on aspects, and not parts, of the reality. The role of wealth, power, and control are studied respectively in the sciences of economics, politics anfl administration. We cannot deny the existence of any of them even as we cannot disregard any dimension. At best we can disregard a part; for example wc can refuse to study pockets of ptoverty. But disregarding a dimension is a logical impossibility. Do Venkateswarlu's beliefs have anything to do with the existence of theories of, say, economics, or law, or administration for that matter?

A Method of Classifying Regions from Multivariate Data

December 17,1983 whereas the aus paddy does. This is true not so much with respect to the latest exotic varieties as to the range of varieties of improved seeds derived from traditional ones.

Price Dependent Engel Curve

Price Dependent Engel Curve G V S N Murty IN a recent note1 Ashok Rudra presented some results relating to what he calls "Price Dependent Engel Curve" (PDEQ. The novel feature of the PDEC, according to him, is that it contains two independent variables, namely per capita total consumer expenditure (PTE) and price of the commodity demanded. It goes without saying that when one is dealing with cross-section data the price variable is not necessary in the Engel Curve formulation, unless and otherwise differential prices across PTE classes. By assuming same price in all the PTE classes in a given year, Rudra tried to estimate an Engel Curve by introducing price and PTE variables; and to me it is rather surprising to name it as 'price dependent*, for it is only a 'partial demand function'.

Ideology and the Poverty Line Debate

Ideology and the Poverty Line Debate Sheila Zurbrigg A LAYER of dust has rather uneasily settled over the poverty line debate during the past year. Yet some of the most serious implications of the de- bate remain poorly addressed.

SPECIAL ARTICLES

November 26, 1983 to sell in one instalment than those proposing to sell at the maximum price. This is more marked for smaller farmers than for bigger farmers. Their must obviously be some other reasons associated with numbers of instalments As a ma'ter of fact the proportion of farmers proposing to sell in several instalments is considerably higher among bigger farmers than among smaller fanners. This probably reflects the greater latitude beigger far- mars have about the choice of time of sale than smaller farmers. The fact that the smaller farmers have to sell off their products soon after the harvest indicates a compulsion to acquire cash. The bigger fanners also scentless than maximum prices 'o meet their cash requirements as we .shall sec below. But they can afford to hold on to their stock and sell out of it different portions as and when cash is required.

Economics of Brideprice and Dowry

into account a whole host of considerations (not all of which are short-term or even 'economic') which may not have anything to do with a simple- minded ERP exercise.

Measurement of Protection to Indian Industries and Its Implications

Measurement of Protection to Indian Industries and Its Implications Alok Ray Introduction TWO most notable studies on the structure of protection in Indian industries are the well-known works of Bhagawati-Desai (1970) (henceforth referred to as B-D) and Bhagawati- Srinivasan (1975) (henceforth referred to as B-S). The central message of these studies is that the extensive controls on trade and investment (which they call the QR-Regime) in India .have led to an enormously wide range of effective rates of protection (ERP) between different industries with no definite pattern and no sound economic rationale; that some of the ERPs tore enormously high in absolute values; and that the ERP structure is highly unstable and unpredictible over time.1 But a recent article by R G Nambiar in has apparently produced evidence to suggest that "tariffs and quantitative restrictions in general have no major distortional effects''. In view of these "conflicting" results which have important policy implications one is tempted to ask: (a) to what extent are the results really conflicting? (b) in cases of conflicts, what could be the source of the contradictions? and (c) what are the implications of the results?

Distribution of Education among Income Groups

ed imminent as individual entrepreneurs went in search for quick profits. Today, despite repeated requests by the influenzal sections of the paper industry to be allowed to raise forests, the government is unwilling to allot them the required land, for much the same reason. 1,82 For example. Nelson, op cit. Appendix; Mobbs, op cit. p 10 ff.

Theory of Administration

October 29, 1983 Bank report, Agenda, is that, in the words of the President of the Bank, more efficient use of scarce resources

Match-Making Children in Sivakasi

Volume XII, No 33-34, August [6] Bardhan. Pranab, Trends in Land Relations', EPW, Volume V. Nos 3, 4 and 5, January 1970, [7] Bhaduri, Ainit, 'An Analysis of

The Invisible Killers-A Rejoinder

ners could be to reduce hard currency import and to see that there is not much obvious "fat" in the hard currency import bill. But this may hot be acceptable to the Soviet planners. For instance, the import of machinery, which is a priority item, accounted for about a-third of the hard currency imports which the Soviet planners wish to maintain at any cost. Nearly one-fifth of the hard currency import was foodgrain which might not decline in the coming decades, considering the highly volatile nature of Soviet grain production. The Soviet Union imported rolled steel item, mainly steel pipes, for the gas industry which accounts for 14 per cent of the import bill. Considering these factors, Hewett feels that there may not be any possibility of substantial reduction in hard currency imports of the USSR, The major area which the Soviet planners would like to explore for maintaining high import bill will be export of more of manufactured industrial products in view of the possibilities of declining surplus of oil and energy for export. But the export of industrial manufactured goods to the developed capitalist countries is a hard nut to crack. The Soviet Union faces a number of constraints in the export of industrial manufacturing goods

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