ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Congestion, Pollution and SolutionsSubscribe to Congestion, Pollution and Solutions

Cleaning the Air and Enabling Commuter Movement

This article suggests that the Delhi government needs to address deficiencies in the city's planning and design framework on which the public transport system rests before employing a policy like the odd-even scheme to achieve some degree of success in relieving congestion

Vehicular Pollution Mitigation Policies in Delhi

This article discusses how the perennial focus on policies to mitigate vehicular sources of air pollution in Delhi ignores a significant contribution by sectors other than transport. This works to the detriment of framing sustainable transport policies for the city. Such policies should not be dictated by the sole objective to reduce vehicular air pollution; that should rather be seen as a co-benefi t within the larger gains of accessible and safe transportation system.

Role of Intermediate Public Transport in Indian Cities

Policymakers must recognise the intermediate public transport systems like autorickshaws and private buses which provide transport services where city bus and other mass transit systems cannot meet the dynamic demands of urban residents. Integrating these intermediate systems with various mass transit systems is essential to meet urban India's transport challenges.

No Space for Cycle Rickshaws

While cycle rickshaws provide a clean and non-polluting source of public transport, cities and governments refuse to change traffic rules to accommodate them. As a result, the cities are failing to capitalise on the one resource that India has in abundance--human capital.

Are We Ready for Public Transport?

Although experts and citizens accept the need for a good public transport system, the question remains whether people will accept better road access for public transport than for private vehicles. The Indian experience shows that enhancement of public transport is only accepted if it does not inconvenience the private vehicle owner. Can such an attitude help promote and sustain public transport?

Transport and Health

There has been much firefighting in Delhi in the name of clean air, but very little effort in understanding the causes of air pollution. So while we know that urban air pollution poses serious health risks to people living in Indian cities, we do not have a consensus on the details regarding the sources of the pollutants. This is mainly because central and local governments have not invested in setting up and funding an adequate number of research groups in academic institutions to conduct detailed studies around the country. Such neglect leads to knee-jerk reactions like the odd-even scheme.

Achieving Sustainable Mobility

Do Indian cities need to jump into demand management for addressing urban transport woes or do we need to focus on the basics of sustainable mobility principles that target increased supply and quality of walking, cycling and public transport? Using the experiences of the cities that have experimented with similar TDM measures and Census of India's latest data on how urban population travels to work, the article makes the argument for a sustainable mobility strategy for Indian cities which targets retaining the high modal shares of walking, cycling and public transport in Indian cities.
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