ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Compensation to Cantonment Boards for Revenue Loss on Account of GST

The introduction of the goods and services tax has resulted in a subsummation of taxes like local body tax, which used to be collected by “local authorities.” Consolidation of tax base under the GST by including various taxes of union, state and local governments resulted in a single tax base. On the consolidated tax base, both union and state governments collect GST concurrently. Since the tax base of LBT is subsumed under the GST, the demand for compensation by the local authorities (including cantonment boards) is justified. Unless there is assignment of new tax handles to local authorities, it is perpetual revenue loss for them.

Cost-effectiveness Threshold and Health Opportunity Cost

With the setting up of the health technology assessment board, evidence from cost-effectiveness analysis will play an important role in decision-making. This raises the fundamental question: How much extra cost per unit of health gained is considered cost-effective? Various approaches for assessing the appropriate cost-effectiveness threshold for India are discussed. A robustly determined opportunity cost of healthcare spending should serve as a proxy for setting up a CET, and it should be used to advocate for greater resources towards achieving universal health coverage.

Telecom Woes in India

The Supreme Court ruling has shaken the telecom sector, putting the future of Vodafone-Idea at a serious risk. But, is this the real issue that ails the sector? The deeper problems in the telecom sector are examined to show why, in the future, the emerging nature of judicial decision-making and rapid changes in the innovation dynamics of this market require a different type of regulatory governance and designs.

Vaunting Rhetoric versus Grim Realities

While the rhetoric of collective responsibility to achieve “ambitious outcomes” in terms of climate action to address the “climate emergency” stands questioned in the 25th Conference of Parties, the grim realities of the inequalities between countries and the evasion of responsibilities and commitments by the developed countries point towards the fundamental role and continued importance of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that remains wider in its scope and broader in its vision than the Paris Agreement. The developed countries are also seeking to manipulate the science–policy interface in an attempt to sideline the equity and climate justice-related perspectives of the developing countries.

Politics of Defections and BJP Strategy in Karnataka

Defection and re-election of the members of the legislative assembly in Karnataka is part of the Bharatiya Janata Party’s larger strategy in the state. This strategy aims to broad-base the party across castes and communities and ensure its autonomy from being dependent on any of them. In the face of this strategy, the Congress has the challenge of defining its social identity.

Debating Metro Car Shed

Activism for sustainable urban development cannot be singularly focused on one public good to the exclusion of others. Framing the conflict over Aarey as one between environment and development or trees and the metro sidelines the issue of making cities livable for the people.

Students’ Struggle against Assault on Public Education

Over the past one month, the students of Jawaharlal Nehru University, with the JNU Teachers’ Association standing in solidarity, have built a mass movement against the proposed hike in hostel charges, as they realise that what is at stake essentially is the very idea of public-funded higher education.

ILO Convention 190

The most important factor in increasing women’s employment is access to safe transport. In India, women often have no choice but to decline job opportunities that are far from home or that do not have proper transport connectivity. Forced immobility of women is a consequence of the violence and insecurity faced daily during the commute to and from work.

The Haryana State Assembly Elections 2019

The history of the political patterns in Haryana is traced. The ground realities of the changing electoral moods in the region are brought to the forefront with a focus on the larger political picture that goes much beyond what are called mere political gimmicks.

Rising Unemployment in India

The rise in the unemployment rate in the recent years along with its convergence across states could be an indicator of a positive change in the economy. Its association with educational attainments and urbanisation is testimony to the brighter side of the development story of India. Further, this rise, against the backdrop of the falling share of the informal sector employment, may suggest that the labour market participants can now afford to remain unemployed instead of getting residually absorbed in petty activities. However, this must not undermine the larger issue of employment creation, which has been a matter of great concern since long.

Neglect of Household Biomedical Waste

While India has had a biomedical waste management rule since 1998, which was modified for ease in 2016, household biomedical waste has been neglected. Increased lifespan, rise of non-communicable diseases, the growing buying power, and better access to healthcare have resulted in the increased generation of household biomedical waste. This poses serious challenges to a frail public health system. This growing problem needs to be tackled by acknowledging it, introducing guidelines, and decentralising solutions, including facilitating recycling.

Child Undernutrition in India

The child undernutrition estimates from the Comprehensive National Nutrition Survey, 2016–18 reveal that many Indian states have made substantial decline, reversing their poor past record in wasting, ranging from 7 to 14 percentage points within just 30 months. Is it really possible to make such a large decline in such a short span of time? Or, does this point to an anomaly in data or estimation?

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