ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Disaster Relief Financing

Over the years, finance commissions have provided guidelines to the central government on assisting the state governments in providing relief to disaster-affected communities. It began with the margin money prescription by the Second Finance Commission, which was modified into the Calamity Relief Fund by the Ninth Finance Commission, and further evolved into the current State Disaster Response Fund. However, the mode of computing the quantum of allocation to SDRFs, which has led to some states receiving less than their deserved allocations, needs to be reviewed in the wake of the constitution of the Fifteenth Finance Commission.

Unburdening the Child

The deletion of three chapters of the history textbook of Class 9 has been carried out in the name of reducing the burden on children. Quantifying burden in this manner and equating it with “bulk” alone reflects a myopic view of the problem of academic load and its relationship with textbooks, and is an attempt to invisiblise interconnections between time, place and ideas/events, intersectionalities between caste, class, andgender, and issues of conflict and social injustice.

Challenges in Water Governance

Seriously water-stressed and facing an unprecedented crisis, India is confronted with many challenges in the water sector, including the lack of reliable information on water, absence of any initiative to restructure the water institutions, a distressed groundwater lifeline, push for large dams, increasing footprint of the urban water sector, and the sorry state of its rivers. Yet, these fail to be taken up as electoral issues.

Facilitation and Whistle-blower Protection by Indian Firms

The policies related to whistle-blowing among the BSE 30 companies in India are analysed. In the facilitative aspect, 80% of the firms explicitly mention the reporting authority. Similarly, 80% of the firms have elaborated on how the reporting should happen, whereas only 10% of the firms allow complaints to be registered over phone. The findings indicate an urgent need to develop and enforce corporate policies to protect the whistle-blowers.

Investigating the Hunger Index

The Global Hunger Index has directed attention to several methodological issues in understanding hunger. An attempt is made to formulate a Karnataka District Hunger Index using a modified version of GHI’s methodology, developed by the International Food Policy Research Institute. The findings show that backward pockets in the state have a higher hunger index, which also holds for socially and economically backward populations. The database at the subregional level should be strengthened for a better understanding of hunger-related issues.

Nashik–Bhusawal Acquittal and Beyond

The acquittal of 11 Muslim men after 25 years by a special Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) court in Nashik raises questions about the enabling conditions for such victimisation. Along with scrutinising the role of anti-terror laws, media, and the judiciary, the issue of compensation needs to be foregrounded.

Dilution of the Right to Education Act

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 is a long way off from becoming a social reality due to the reluctance to enforce many of its provisions. What has suffered the most is the autonomy and dignity of teachers, which form the core of this law’s approach.

The Limits of Style over Substance

Lack of coherence in the foreign policy of the National Democratic Alliance government highlights the limits of emphasis on spectacle. An inability to adequately respond to the rapidly shifting situation in the neighbourhood as well as in the international domain is an outcome of this.

Understanding the NBFC Conundrum

Till recently, non-banking financial companies were the poster boys of the financial sector, with loans from the sector growing at phenomenal rates. An examination of what NBFCs are and their activities shows how they are regulated, what the sources of their funds are, and the recipients of the credit issued by them.

Some Macro-theoretical Foundations of Jobless Growth

An alternative heterodox explanation of the phenomenon of jobless growth is advanced, involving an interaction between demand and technical change. A mathematical condition is derived whose satisfaction ensures that both a high and low rate of growth of output results in a fall in the rate of growth of organised sector employment. During an output boom, the high rate of growth of labour productivity overwhelms the high rate of output growth, while in a period of slowdown the low or negative rate of growth of output more than compensates for the reduction in the rate of growth of labour productivity, resulting in persistent jobless growth.

Son Preference and Daughter Aversion in Two Villages of Jammu

A contemporary exploration of two spatially contiguous villages of Jammu reveals persisting intra-household gender discrimination. While in both the villages, sons continue to be preferred over daughters, it is the local political economy and culture that dictates whether a preference for sons would mean the elimination of daughters before birth, their relative deprivation post birth, marrying them off early as a mobility strategy, or simply differential allocation of resources within the household.

Exclusions in Afforestation Projects in Pakistan

Through a case study of the Billion Tree Tsunami Afforestation Project in Pakistan, this article shows how afforestation and forest conservation projects often lack in-depth understanding of community dynamics.

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