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Chaos on the Campus

members on behalf of some of his turncoat colleagues who had walked over from the PSP to the Congress with him. And he seems to have made his contribution in bringing about Morarji-Patil cordiality, since Asoka can claim to be loyal to both.

An Omnibus Named Election Fund

position. Without this the movement itself might get disrupted. Role of District Towns A notable feature of the stormy days in Andhra was the considerable role of the numerous district and mofussil towns, especially in what were the former Circar districts. Their position in Andhra's life is particularly important because the State lacks a model centre like Calcutta or Bombay or A CALCUTTA DIARY Madras. Moreover, it is at the point of the district town that there can be some sort of confluence between the working peasants and the factory worker as well as, to an extent, the new white-collared government employee, bank employee, teacher and the like. If the district town becomes politically active and feels confident that its activity will be significant, democracy in Andhra will really come alive and become irresistible.

Dog Beneath the Skin

ago under conditions radically different from those that exist today should still be favoured so strongly and adhered to as zealously. First, Keynesian pragmatism is well adapted to the American conditions where government intervention in the working of the economy is kept to a minimum and on an ad hoc basis by powerful interest groups. Second, the Keynesian type of cyclical analysis fits easily into the short range orientation of policy-makers obsessed with the wiggles and jiggles of the macro-economy and its indicators. Third, the elimination of the "growth gap" proposed by Okun and adopted by Kennedy during his campaign, became the sine qua non of the "neo-growth-oriented Key- nesianism" replacing the ill-fated nature-economy stagnation hypothesis of Keynes' admirers like Alvin Hansen. Thus, the dismal depression economics became after all a pragmatic tool-kit, countered the recession and seemed to show the way of stimulating growth without resorting to planning and management of the economy.

The Goddess and the Owl

The Goddess and the Owl WHEN briefly in England in 1955 Nirad C Chaudhuri, the no longer- unknown Indian, tried to discover in English homes something corresponding to what he found in every Hindu home. I quote from "A Passage to England", now available again as a Papermac: "So I never asked an Englishman how much love of money he had in his heart, but looked out for symptoms. Naturally, I looked for those which were the easiest to come upon in Hindu society, that is to say, the religious symptoms of the love of money. If I visited the house of an English family I tried quietly to find out if in any part of it there was a private shrine for a god or goddess of money, or for an economic form of their own God. Those Englishmen who would consider this to have been a fantastic thing to do should remember that such a shrine is precisely the thing I cannot escape noticing in every normal Hindu home, even though it may be Westernised up to a certain point. In all these homes there is a little sanctum, unfortunately most tawdrily furnished and decorated in these days, which is devoted to the goddess Lakshmi, who confers prosperity. Of course it goes without saying that I did not find any such shrine in any English home, though in a number of great houses I saw private chapels, which were, however, devoted to normal Christian worship".

Four Days to Durga

ly be exploited by Washington, thereby strengthening the U S foothold in Afro-Asia and this by itself would embolden Washington to pressurise the other nonaligned countries more, including both the UAR and Yugoslavia.

White Caps in the Ring

Pradesh Congress Committee has released the list of its candidates for almost all Assembly and Lok Sabha constituencies for the next election. The list itself contains few surprises. Surprising may have been the timing and manner of release. No other state Congress has been so early in the field. More, the list is yet to receive the approval of the Central Parliamentary Board of the party. Just what lies behind the expedition and the expediency can only be guessed. It may be that Atulya Ghosh, who has changed his constituency from Asansol to Ban- kura for reasons which again can only be conjectured, got into the act first to forestall the parties in opposition; it may be that he wants his candidates to get down to electioneering right now; it may be that he has released the names to the Press early to make it difficult and embarrassing for the Congress Parliamentary Board to make changes in his list. None of these possible explanations confirms the confidence in victory expressed so eloquently by Praiulla Sen and Atulya Ghosh.

Lessons of a Teach-Out

Lessons of a Teach-Out AFTER 26 DAYS on the streets, or in jail, the secondary school teachers of West Bengal went back to school on Monday, October 10. During the agitation for higher pay a large number of teachers squatted outside Raj Bhavan; some 2,000 were arrested. At one point the teachers enlisted the help of their pupils, who took out processions and kept away from classes. Those arrested have been released; this apart, not one of the demands of the teachers has been conceded by the Government of West Bengal. The 26-day afTair was not a "strike"; it was only a "cease- work", the distinction eluding th-> untaught. The Government hat- announced some concessions just before the agitation began on September 13; the All-Bengal Teachers' Association declined to acknowledge the gesture and went ahead with the demonstrations which have yielded nothing by way of increased emoluments. The damage done to teacher-student relations may be permanent.

After the Bandh, What

After the Bandh, What? DURING the two-day Bandh on September 22-23 this reporter was in cool, distant and happy Addis Ababa; he is not complaining of what he missed although the affair appears to have passed off more or less peacefully. But there are plenty of other signs of discontent. The lower paid employees of the State Government had taken casual leave for a day last month. The Government of West Bengal in its wisdom decided not to pay for the day of absence. On the first day of the month the employees refused to accept their wages; and October 2, when this is being written, is a public holiday. This refusal of pay worries this writer.

An Uncertain Smile

Atulya Ghosh recently told reporters in Bombay that he had been “amused” by Humayun Kabir's recent letter to the Congress President, indicating his resignation from the party after about 30 years of active association with the organisation.It may well be that Kabir dramatised his Congressmanship a bit; those references to murderous attacks from Muslim Leaguers and all that.

A Date with Sine Die

At this writing, September 4, all trucks, lorries and threewheelers are off the streets in all West Bengal. Transport operators, who are in many ways less taxed here than in most States, are on strike; and the small segment of trade in West Bengal which is still controlled by Bengalis is the hardest hit in consequence.

Exit Another Commissioner

The Corporation of Calcutta is much like a Bombay film. Melodrama is all. Crudity reigns supreme, whether the characters are being funny or pathetic.

A Different Dissidence

Not many will question even today that the Bengalis were the first to fall in love with the idea of Indian origin an imperial idea that for reasons unknown coincided with inarticulate aspirations in minds which today would be called nationalist.


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