ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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The Next Stage of Planning in India

A close review of the Niti Aayog’s vision document vis-à-vis earlier plans and programme details offers valuable insights and suggestions on the real issues that India must face for inclusive growth.

Policy without Theory

During the course of the reform process in India, there has been no particular Indian contribution to the thinking on the issue. Indian debates insulate themselves from the empirical and analytical work done on India outside the country. Globalising without ideas is not a luxury the country can afford. India must participate in the global dialogue on reform in a more positive and well-thought out manner, based on its own experience.

Obituary : M J Manohar Rao

A committed academic, M J Manohar Rao was the quintessential problem-solver, whether in life or in economics.

Technological Change in Indian Industry

Yoginder K Alagh Though it has become customary to hear that the efforts of R and D by industry have been not very significant, government statistics do not include the efforts made by business entities and a host of individuals who do not care to get registered with the department of industrial and scientific research, There is a need to quantify such efforts so that industry can provide a basis for networking and informed policy-making. R and D centres in industry have created impressive infrastructure and have employed very well trained and quality manpower. Indian industry has made several innovations in their own way. There is need to accentuate these trends.

Poverty and Food Security-Toward a Policy System for Food Security

Toward a Policy System for Food Security Yoginder K Alagh This paper assesses recent estimates of the incidence of poverty, and outlines the nature of an information and modelling system required by a food security system.

Econometrics of Long-Term Growth-Trade-Offs with Inflation

Econometrics of Long-Term Growth Trade-Offs with Inflation Yoginder K Alagh G S Guha The design of a growth strategy for a poor country like India calls for an interconnected view of income distribution, monetary policy and employment Also, the design has to be based on the behaviour of the Indian saver, the Indian markets and the productivity of the Indian worker. International trade would accelerate the process, but the great sources of growth lie within Indio, waiting to be unshackled.

Redefining Gujarat s Irrigation Potential-A Model

Apart from official claims, a realistic estimate of irrigation potential in Gujarat based on facts would imply that water is scarce. Such realism is necessary for a reasonable irrigation development strategy to be developed. This paper attempts to prove that major and medium irrigation potential in a fairly substantial sample of dams is determined by the variation of rainfall in the command, and it advocates inter-basin transfer of water across rainfall regions, from highly reliable to uncertain rainfall regions.

Pesticides in Indian Agriculture

Yoginder K Alagh This paper argues that it is now possible to introduce a systems approach to the use of modern pesticides in Indian agriculture. Cost of cultivation data can be used to estimate parameters of the demand for pesticides. On the supply side, given the sheltered nature of the domestic market, there is need to develop policies towards the pricing of pesticides. Account has also to be taken of the development of m ore effective and newer pesticides, many of which are also environmentally less harmful.

Policy, Growth and Structural Change in Indian Industry

Indian Industry Yoginder K Alagh Indian industrial policy operates within the framework of overall economic policies and planning. This paper breifly discusses the back-ground of Indian economic policy and planning as also recent developments in the process of economic growth and structural change in order to outline the framework in which industrial policy operates. There have been a number of interesting changes in the structure of industry. While priority to exports at the current stage of development is accepted, the author argues for the adoption of industrial policies which will provide productive employment, lead to a more regionally balanced economy and introduce higher levels of technological dynamism. The author also makes a case for the adoption of vigorous planning policies in order to bring about a structural transformation of the economy.

Indian Planning in the Eighties

An attempt is made in this paper to (a) estimate employment in the Indian economy in 1977-78 (the base year of the Draft Plan, 1978-83); (b) estimate the relationship between output growth and employment growth on a sectoral basis; (c) examine the employment potential of the development effort on certain 'reasonable' assumptions of alternative growth possibilities in the future; and (d) introduce considerations of alternative regional development categories in the agricultural sector and of institutional change, particularly land reforms, and examine their impact on the generation of employment potential.

Planning Policy and the Fifth Plan

This paper is an attempt at discussing two major policy questions in the Fifth Plan, namely, employment generation of the type that raises the income levels of the indigent sections of the population and the problem of growth with the self-sufficiency objective. Towards the end of the paper certain recent critiques of the model of the Fifth Plan are also evaluated.

Utilisation of Industrial Capacity with Agricultural Growth

Agricultural Growth A Numerical Exercise for Short-Run Policy Yoginder K Alagh Jayashri Shah Excess capacity in the industrial sector in any particular year may be ascribed to a number of remans, including industrial relations and management bottlenecks. This paper is concerned with the purely economic constraints on' capacity utilisation.

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