ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Beneath the Gloss and Glitter: A Report from Kashipur

The gloss, the glitter and the corruption of the Commonwealth Games are behind us and we return to "a normal life" of misery and poverty. A report on an apathetic government amidst death and suffering from Bahardulki village in Kashipur block of Rayagada district of Orissa, where demands for accountability are met by the state government foisting false criminal cases against the protestors.

Illusions of Change

The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act as implemented by the Orissa government has resulted in grandiose claims of expenditure but very little to show in reality.

Irrelevance of Children's Day

Every year, November 14 is celebrated as Children's Day. Nearly six decades into independence, however, the difference between the haves and have nots is stark. The children of the latter suffer the most, in terms of nutrition, education and overall standard of living. As such, perhaps, we have little to celebrate on Children's Day.

Democratic Governance in Tribal Regions

Despite the presence of progressive legislation designed to ensure democracy in backward tribal regions, underdevelopment and poor governance are rife in such areas. As incidents from the more backward tribal dominated regions of Orissa reveal, the bureaucrat-contractor-politician nexus continues to ensure that the tribals are denied even those rights that assure a meaningful existence, such as a right to identity and to livelihood.

Kashipur: Politics of Underdevelopment

should also be given to the caste class and ethnic origins of the targeted people. This Kashipur: Politics will equip designers with better information of the context in which to develop the intervention and introduce safeguards of Underdevelopment to ensure that the existing local power VIDHYA DAS Debaranjan Sarangi, would be proud, he is in august company when he expresses deep concern about Kashipur, and bashes up Agragamee for the ills of this remote region today in his article

Orissa : Mining Bauxite, Maiming People

The bauxite rich Kashipur block of Orissa has long been a focus of some interest to major aluminium corporates. Its exploitation is now taking a sharp and ugly turn with the tribals fighting for their livelihood and homes and against the environmentally damaging industrial development being proposed and the state tacitly endorsing the development plans.

Human Rights, Inhuman Wrongs-Plight of Tribals in Orissa

Plight of Tribals in Orissa Vidhya Das IN the backward reaches of backward and poverty-stricken Orissa, live the communities of tribal people, subsisting off the hill slopes, clutching at crumbs of employment and development thrown at them, trekking for days and miles to go to a market, trudging for leagues and leagues to get medical help, having to die to get into the papers, and slogging to feed the contractors, the landlords, the moneylenders, the politicians, that happy group of vested interests who have deemed it their right to make their living and considerable fortunes out of the land, labour and other resources of the tribal people. And yet these people dance and sing and celebrate their festivals with zeal and mirth, and roam free spirits on their bountiful hills. They own no land, they are called 'sukhavasi' (the carefree), they bear no grudge. They live a life wedded to work, and ask nothing of anybody, knowing that when their capacity for labour is over, so is their life.

Minor Forest Produce and Rights of Tribals

Minor Forest Produce and Rights of Tribals Vidhya Das For the ostensible purpose of protecting the right of the tribals to their livelihood, government policies have in fact been dispossessing the tribals from access to local resources and maintaining their own economy. The struggle waged by Mandibisi Mahila Mandal in Orissa for control over minor forest produce is just one case of tribal assertion against unjust government machinery.

Development or Destruction-New Mining Projects in Orissa

of the company to the lenders under the Financing Documents) and the equity invested''. WHAT HAPPENS TO CONSUMERS? The National Working Group on Power (composed of two former members of the Planning Commission, a former finance secretary to the government of India, three former chairmen of the Central Electricity Authority and two former chairmen of state electricity boards) has studied the impact of all these six new projects promoted by Enron (Phase 1 only). Cogentrix. AES. ST Power, Spectrum, GVK, and the Hindujas

Development and Tribal Women

directly indulge in rioting. This happens in almost all the riots in India. In the 1984 anti-Sikh riots, sweepers on the outskirts of New Delhi who were the victims of the Emergency and the brutalities of Sanjay Gandhi were brought to the capital in trucks and lorries and were induced to commit slaughter and arson.

Conservation, Government and Tribal People

Tribal People Vidhya Das If planners and policy-makers shrug off their biases long enough to realise that the experiences and perceptions of the people have a validity that cannot be ignored then viable strategies for conservation can be worked out.

Bilateral Funding and Women s Empowerment

employment generation. There was an acceleration in the growth of manufacturing output in the 80s. It is therefore worth oamining the impact of this on employment in services. But an empirical investigation of this hypothesis can be done only at the cross- section level because time-series data on employment covers only the organised sector of the economy. The information on employment (principal category) from the National Sample Survey, 38th Round for 1983 and 43rd Round for 1987-88, are utilised for this purpose. The corresponding data on State Domestic Product are taken from the Central Statistical Organisation. The regression results (Table 2) however do not support the hypothesis mentioned above. Given tertiary sector income the partial elasticity of tertiary employment with respect to manufacturing (and also agricultural) sector income turns out to be statistically insignificant. It may be noted that the data on tertiary sector employment here includes that in public administration which is generally not influenced by multiplier linkages. However since data on employment in NSS 43rd Round does not give separate information on employment in public administration we could not separate it out from the total tertiary sector employ- ment. Despite this limitation we may broadly infer that not only income but also employment in services appear to be growing independent of the commodity sector growth. To conclude, neither income nor employment in services was significantly influenced by commodity sector .income, especially manufacturing income even in the high growth phases of the eighties. It is in this perspective that the excess growth of the tertiary sector and its implications for inflation and balance of payment deserve attention of the policy-makers.
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