ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Reforms in the Balance

Reforms in the Balance A Vaidyanathan India's Economic Reforms 1991-2001 by Vijay Joshi and I N D Little; Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1996; pp 282 including Bibliography and Index, Rs 395.

T N Krishnan In Memoriam

In Memoriam A Vaidyanathan N Krishnaji T N Krishnan, whose research interests encompassed food policy, literacy, health, fertility behaviour and social security, was of the firm view that research should not end up in the annals of academic but must be used to change and improve policy.

Agricultural Development-Imperatives of Institutional Reform

Imperatives of Institutional Reform A Vaidyanathan This paper underscores the crucial importance of institutional reform, particularly in the domain of public systems, for sustained technical progress and output growth in agriculture. The scope for privatisation is limited in irrigation, research and extension and other infrastructure facilities. All of these will continue to be mainly the responsibility of the public sector. Unless the public sector's efficiency in mobilising resources and managing these facilities is vastly improved, trade and price policy reform will not make a significant difference to the pace of agricultural growth.

Making Poverty Research More Relevant

Making 'Poverty Research' More Relevant to the Poor A Vaidyanathan Including the Poor: Proceedings of a Symposium Organised by the World Bank and the International Food Policy Research Institute edited by Michael Lipton and Jacque Van Derkaag: the World Bank, Washington, DC, 1993; pp 579 plus Bibliography and Index.

V M Dandekar

now of foreign power investors in the scheme of things. The Enron fiasco has brought out the pitfalls in the current path of power development in the country. It is time that we take quick remedial measures before the power situation gets completely out of hand. The need is for a package of reforms that restore health to the State Electricity Boards and work out means for the least cost expansion of the power sector. India will do V M Dandekar well to learn from the South Korean experience. The South Koreans have expanded the state sector for providing basic infrastructure like power and telecom while looking to the market for other areas. Instead of working out our distinctive path of development appropriate to our stage of development, the government is substituting slogans for policy. Unless this is reversed and hard thinking goes into working out concrete alternatives, the future of the power sector looks bleak.

Employment Situation Some Emerging Perspectives

Employment Situation: Some Emerging Perspectives A Vaidyanathan The unemployment situation in the country, be it in rural or urban areas, has not worsened in the 70s and 80s. There has in fact been a remarkably rapid diversification of employment and, while the structure of the labour force has changed leading to a significant rise in the proportion of the workforce depending on wage labour, the conditions of wage labour have not deteriorated as feared. The really serious problem, not so much in quantitative terms but in terms of its political importance, is that of growing educated unemployment.

Variations in Educational Performance-in Tamil Nadu

Variations in Educational Performance in Tamil Nadu A Vaidyanathan Manabi Majumdar Drawing primarily on the census data, this paper maps the inter-taluk variations in the level of literacy in the state of Tamil Nadu as well as changes in this respect over time. The data show significant variations across taluks in terms of literacy achievements during the period between 1971 and 1991. To take the analysis one step further, this paper presents, albeit in a limited manner, some facts on educational facilities and literacy status in the villages of two Tamil Nadu districts. The underlying motivation of such disaggregated study is to develop useful typologies of taluks/villages which may, in turn, constitute the basis for both designing micro studies as well as discerning macro trends.

Budget of 1993-94 Some Sceptical Notes

A Vaidyanathan The budget speech and subsequent public pronouncements by the finance minister and senior officials of the finance ministry exude confidence about the rapid revival of economic growth in the coming year and the pro- spect of achieving a sustained 5-6 per cent GDP growth rate soon thereafter without any serious difficulty either on the account of balance of payments or of domestic inflation. These expectations, it is argued in this note, are misplaced and there is reason to be sceptical about several of the budget's key claims.

State s Role in Development

State's Role in Development A Vaidyanathan WHILE national planning and particularly the role of the state in guiding and shaping economic development in our country has always been a contentious subject, there was a rather wide consensus around the time of independence about the necessity for the state to play a leading role in the development process. The reasoning of course varied: The Bombay Plan prepared by leading Indian businessmen saw massive public investments in infrastructure and basic industries as being necessary to facilitate growth of the private sector and set the country on the road to rapid development. The socialists emphasised the importance of public ownership and state control over the private sector to correct the existing inequities and injustices, as well as inequities and injustices associated with unfettered capitalist development. In the event a compromise evolved in which the basic concept of overall national planning with a major role for the public sector was accepted but the bulk of production and a large part of fresh investment was still left with the private sector.

Agricultural Development in Eastern India

Agricultural Development in Eastern India A Vaidyanathan Report of Study Group on Agricultural Strategies for the Eastern Region of India, Planning Commission, Government of India, 1985; pp 45.

Labour Use in Rural India-A Study of Spatial and Temporal Variations

A Study of Spatial and Temporal Variations A Vaidyanathan This paper examines inter-state and inter-district variations in total labour input into agriculture per unit of area and the reasons for these variations. Also discussed are the determinants of rural non-agricultural employment. There exist quite large regional variations in the ratio of non-agricultural to total employment in rural areas and an exploration of the reasons underlying these variations could hopefully provide some basis for judging how far they are amenable to manipulation by policy Salient Features of Labour Use in Rural India FOR a long time the decennial population rensuses were the only source of information on the pattern of employment in rural India: Every census gives some idea of the proportion of rural population engaged in economic activity, and their distribution by sector of employment. Pretty detailed sectoral break-up of the working population is generally available upto the state level though at the district level only broad sectoral pattern of employment is published. However, problems of determining the activity status of particular individuals, the fact that workers often do several types of work covering different 'sectors', and the difficulties of capturing the intensity of employment in a short questionnaire administered at a single point of time have severely limited the usefulness of their data. In order to overcome these problems, the NSS took up intensive surveys of a scientifically selected sample of the population from rural and urban areas all over India. Though these surveys were started in the fifties, it took time to evolve suitable standardised concepts and procedures

On the Validity of NSS Consumption Data

A Vaidyanathan Considering their importance for the on-going debates on various aspects of growth and distribution, it seems worthwhile to review systematically the various possible sources of 'bias' and 'error' in the NSS data on consumption expenditure and its distribution by classes and examine, with such evidence as is available, whether and in what manner they in fact affect the reliability of NSS estimates. This is what the present paper seeks to do.

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