ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

V SanthakumarSubscribe to V Santhakumar

Diffusion of New Technologies and Productivity Growth in Agriculture: Natural Rubber vs Coconuts

India has the highest level of productivity in natural rubber and coconuts. While natural rubber productivity has grown rapidly, that of coconuts has barely increased over time. This paper seeks an explanation for this differential performance in terms of relative rates of diffusion of new technologies facilitated by their respective Sectoral Systems of Innovation. The ssi of rubber consists of an articulated regulatory policy mechanism which ensured that the new technologies that were generated by the research arm of the regulatory body itself were adopted by the farmers. Contrary to this, in coconuts there appear not much evidence of diffusion of new technologies and its ssi is characterised by a lack of cohesiveness with a multiplicity of actors operating at sub-optimal scales. However, some concerted efforts have been made over the last 10 years or so to develop new technologies and its diffusion among farmers and this has started bearing fruit in the form of increases in productivity, specifically since 1995-96.

Impact of Distribution of Costs and Benefits of Non-Reform

This paper studies the power sector reforms initiated by the Left Front government in Kerala between 1996-2000, which was aimed mainly at enhancing generation capacity and improving the efficiency of the state electricity board. It looks at the potential gainers and losers of the two components of the reform policy. The study provides a broad indication of the kind of distribution of costs and benefits of non-reform that would be conducive to sustaining reforms, especially with support from the electorally influential middle class.

Planning Kerala s Irrigation Projects-Technological Prejudice and Politics of Hope

The political objective of achieving self-sufficiency in rice production in Kerala supported the planning of major irrigation projects in alt the river basins of Kerala. The irrigation engineers who planned these projects showed a technological prejudice as they rarely sought alternative methods and scales of irrigation in each of these basins. This prejudice is of serious concern in a high rainfall area like Kerala, where the dam and canal-based system is 'naturally' costly and where there is a possibility of meeting the relatively small requirement of additional water through less expensive means. The objective of achieving self-sufficiency in rice and the policy of having major irrigation projects in all the basins seem to be based on the neglect of the specific agro-climatological and agro-ecological features of humid-tropic Kerala.
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