ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By V Ratna Reddy

Rythu Bharosa Kendras of Andhra Pradesh

The Government of Andhra Pradesh has established Rythu Bharosa Kendras (Farmer Assurance Centres) at the village level to take the agriculture-related services to the doorsteps of the farmers. Within three years of their advent, RBKs have found a place in the list of national best practices and NITI Aayog is proposing to replicate the model in other states. While decentralised service delivery is a positive development, the long list of its mandated services is proving to be a bottleneck for effective service delivery. This article examines the functioning of RBKs at the village level to evaluate the merits of the programme.

New ‘Water Management Paradigm’

This article critiques theMihir Shah Committee report and the articles about it in this journal (24 December 2016). It says that although the report has intended to be an attempt at restructuring of water institutions, it has, unfortunately ended just as an exercise in restructuring “water organisations,” and its contents get reduced to a mere “preface” rather than a serious analytical attempt towards a practical approach to institutional restructuring in the water sector.

Land Alienation and Local Communities

Poorly designed compensation policies, inadequate planning, the entry of land sharks and the weak power of rural communities are resulting in a deterioration of the living conditions of those displaced by land alienation from the fringes of cities. Field surveys on the fringes of Hyderabad-Secunderabad, where a vast number of infrastructure projects, special economic zones and institutions are planned, show the adverse impact of involuntary displacement. A major correction of land acquisition and compensatory policies is called for, lest the simmering resentment expresses itself in open conflict.

'Jalayagnam' and Bridging Regional Disparities

Despite huge investments and numerous irrigation projects, Andhra Pradesh continues to face water scarcity, which results in regional disparities and political turmoil. Therefore, the government's irrigation policies should focus on alternatives for strengthening the resource base and enhancing the livelihoods in the fragile resource areas. This approach would provide the much-needed stability to the agriculture sector and minimise agrarian distress in these regions.