ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By V M Rao

Making Safety Nets Effective for Hardcore Poor

Safety nets to support the hardcore poor form the foundation of the strategy for poverty elimination. This paper brings out the alarming state of the existing safety nets and describes a decentralised approach to make them more effective. The approach is in the nature of extension of the decentralised mode being used by National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme to provide employment guarantee to unskilled labourers.

Putting the Cart before a Non-Existent Horse

The NCEUS report is an important step towards bringing unorganised sector workers under some form of social protection. However, the cart of a social security system needs three galloping horses to take it to the destination of a deprivation-free unorganised worker: viable enterprises, successful poverty alleviation programmes and congenial macro policies, none of which is in sight.

Unorganised Workers

Provision of social security to the unorganised workers is currently receiving the urgent attention of the central government and some of the state governments. This paper, based on a large sample of unorganised workers - construction workers, domestic workers and agricultural labourers - from Karnataka, presents indices of their economic conditions and deprivation to show how inadequate it is to use the below poverty line criterion for providing benefits to unorganised sector workers. The priority social security needs are analysed to show the diversity within and across sectors, and to review the policy measures - existing and those on the anvil.