ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

Articles By A V Jose

Kerala: A Year of Governing Precariously

It has been a year since the United Democratic Front government took offi ce in Kerala. During this period communal forces have exercised their infl uence in government formation, and caste and sectarian mobilisation has grown. One could surmise from the policy orientation of the state government over the past year that the ascending classes now have a decisive infl uence over the agenda of development projects. While taking crucial decisions on investment priorities, the government is playing to the gallery of public opinion, which, in turn, has been taken over by special interest groups.

Labour Regulation and Employment Protection in Europe: Some Reflections for Developing Countries

A review of evidence on employment and wages from selected European Union countries leads one to surmise that in the context of developing countries, we tend to judge the performance of labour regulatory regimes more in terms of their impact on employment creation. Inadvertently though, we seem to foist a false idiom, since a job-creating function is beyond the terms of reference of any protectionist labour regulation. What is important in developing countries is to facilitate a rapid, but endogenous evolution of labour institutions that can protect workers' rights and remain friendly to job-creation. This requires a fresh look at some national level policies and programmes, which are not necessarily in the domain of labour relations.

Is Legislation the Only Solution?

Instead of social assistance schemes for unorganised workers this article argues for a broad-based social assistance covering the entire country. A concerted effort towards increasing the quantum of social spending on the basic needs of all citizens can make a world of difference to their quality of life. Historical evidence suggests that the protective security systems that are widespread in the developed countries are the outcome and not the cause of improved living standards and productivity levels.