ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

V JayachandranSubscribe to V Jayachandran

Has Emigration Influenced Kerala's Living Standards?

The impact of job migration on households across Kerala has its impact on a greater flow of remittances from abroad, which in turn leads to improved living standards and increased consumption levels. More long-term changes, as this paper emphasises, are related to education. Higher educated workers spend more time abroad, while for the women, an increased access to education also leads to improved health indicators - a decline in the overall birth rate and a lowering of infant mortality rates.

, Economic Condition and Fertility

The standard of living or economic status data are not always sufficient to understand the complex mechanism of fertility change. A number of other social factors directly and indirectly influence couples' decisions on family size. Statewise analysis of data shows that only in Punjab is there the expected negative association between living standard and fertility change.
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