ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Non-Timber Forest Products

This paper attempts an exploration of synergistic opportunities for livelihoods and conservation connected with non-timber forest products in view of the increasing demand for these resources in the local, regional and international markets. It also discusses the evolution of the management of such products on a broader scale in terms of policies and institutional arrangements and the dilemmas, challenges and complexities associated with the resource along with potential strategies to overcome them. An analysis of existing, relevant literature, with examples drawn from parts of the developing world along with experiences from India has been presented. Using the specific case of the wild harvested medicinal plant sector in Kerala, certification as a potential strategy to achieve a win-win scenario is hypothesised. Lessons gathered from studies reporting successful implementation of non-timber forest products certification are provided along with research gaps and future directions.

Human-Related Constraints in Protected Area Management

The establishment of protected areas to conserve and reduce human interactions has resulted in a series of repercussions, which generate new kinds of management issues. Conservation efforts create conflicts among local communities and between the local communities and the enforcing authorities, for they see these efforts as government-imposed restrictions on their socio-economic system. In this context, this study made an attempt to assess the human-related constraints in management in the Peechi-Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala. It reveals that the constraints relate mainly to an insufficient attention paid to involving local communities and others who care about the protected area in planning, management and decision-making for the area, the social and economic dependencies of the local communities that conflict with the objectives of the PA.
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