ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Associational Politics in Punjab

Contemporary scholars of Pakistan are in agreement about the defining characteristics marking the changing nature of capital accumulation in the country. Notable features include the rise of the retail, wholesale and small-scale manufacturing sector; a decline in the contribution of farm activity...

Of Patrons and Elections

The by-election to Pakistan's National Assembly from the Multan constituency, which fell vacant after Syed Yousaf Raza Gilani was disqualifi ed by the Supreme Court, once again showed that the contemporary electoral theatre in the country is built on a political economy of patronage and deference, and held together by acts of collusion and coercion.
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