ISSN (Print) - 0012-9976 | ISSN (Online) - 2349-8846

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Work and Status

U Kalpagam Women, Work and Society edited by K Saradamoni; Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta, 1985; pp 430. NEARLY six years ago, the Indian Statistical Institute turned fifty. As part of its Golden Jubilee celebration, an international symposium on 'Women, Work and Society' was conducted in September 1982, The volume under review is the collection of papers and the proceedings of that symposium. For those who are surprised at the statisticians, mathematicians and model-builders of ISI evincing interest in such a theme, it needs to be recorded that the ISI has in recent times played host to a number of international seminars in women's studies. The Asian Regional Conference on 'Women and Household' sponsored by the Indian Association of Women's Studies, the International Sociological Association and the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences was also held at the ISI. It has also extended its hospitality to numerous executive committee meetings of the Indian Association of Women's Studies. A book review is not the occasion to thank an institute, but noting these facts will serve an important purpose.

Gender in Economics-The Indian Experience

he recognition of the possibilities of bias, ought in a truly scientific endeavour, lead to corrective measures. However, when the dominant perspectives themselves are not free from that bias, both the recognition and the correction do not take place. The dominant perspective reflects the inherent power base that leads to that dominance.

Oral History Reconstructing Women s Role

September 20-27, 1986 Oral History: Reconstructing Women's Role U Kalpagam WOMENS studies has forced a rethinking among social scientists on the, incorporation of the individual, including individual experiences and consciousness, in the paradigms of social analysis without making the individual to determine nor be determined entirely by the social structure and processes. The relationship between the individual and the social, while recognised as complex is nevertheless important and cannot be excluded from social analysis. Feminist method as understood to be "the collective critical reconstruction of the meaning of women's social experience, as women live through it" recognises that not only women's conscious perception of their experiences is critical but that the method should incorporate the diversities of those experiences,1 The manner in which the diversities of individual experiences are built into the collective reconstitution of the meaning of social experience is a major challenge to social scientists in bringing the gap between the individual and the social. Oral history method plays an important role in this, even if at times only a limited one. This point is well articulated by Paul Thompson.2 For the historian in the mid-twentieth century is confronted by two major forms of theoretical interpretation. On the one hand there are the big theories of social organisation, social control, the division of labour, class struggle and social change: the func- tionalsit and other schools of sociology and the historical theory of Marxism. On the other hand there is the theory of individual personality, of language and the subconscious, represented by the psycho-analytical approach. They can be layered together, as in an individual biography, but no satisfactory way has yet been found of bonding them. Psycho-history, for example has simply resorted to the crude device of analysing whole groups

Women, Work and Poverty

Women, Work and Poverty U Kalpagam Profiles in Female Poverty by Leela Gulati; Hindusthan Publishing Corporation, Delhi, 1981; pp xii+ 180, THE decade of the sixties and seventies saw a proliferation of poverty studies in social sciences in our country. However, occupational profiles of such poverty groups is as yet sporadic in the scenario, though works such as Oscar Lewis's "Five Mexican Families: A Study in the Culture of Poverty" and others are not quite alien to Indian social scientists. Leela Gulati has set a new trend both in poverty studies and women studies in her "Profiles in Female Poverty"

Labour in Small Industry-Case of Export Garments Industry in Madras

Case of Export Garments Industry in Madras U Kalpagam This paper, a study of the export garment industry and its workforce in Madras city, has three primary objectives.

Women, Education and Change

and distributional patterns independently is fallacious. My third comment is in relation to Krishna Bharadwaj's treatment of the nature of the 'scientific' study of social issues. One question that she raises is whether social sciences share with physical and natural sciences a common method of arriving at scientific explanations and prediction. After going through some of the difficulties usually put forward to show that the procedures of enquiry of physical and natural sciences are not applicable in the social sciences she concludes: ".. .these do not, in my view, annihilate the possibility of a scientific study of social procedees. She warns about the common of treating the methods of physics as the sicientific method and 3 of identifying theory too closely with logical ordering and analysis, But except to suggest that social relations of man must be viewed in a historical perspective, there is very little indication of the characteristics of a scientific procedure for the study of society. It would have been much more useful if Bharadwaj had paid some more attention to this issue of method instead of her criticisms of Walras, Hayek, Friedman, Popper et at

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